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== How to do compilation and installation of GRASS 6? ==
+
<!-- {{MoveToTrac}} -->
  
Here we explain the procedure to compile GRASS from CVS, but it also applies to official GRASS 6 releases.
+
'''Disclaimer''': This page explains how to turn the GRASS GIS source code into an installable binary package ("compilation") for different operating systems. If you just want to get ready-to-use binaries, go [https://grass.osgeo.org/download/ here], otherwise read on...
 +
 
 +
== How to do compilation and installation of GRASS GIS? ==
 +
 
 +
Here we explain the procedure to compile GRASS from GitHub, but it also applies to official GRASS 7 releases.
  
 
''For installation of precompiled binary packages, see the main [[Installation Guide]].''
 
''For installation of precompiled binary packages, see the main [[Installation Guide]].''
  
For detailed information on compilation, please see the [http://grass.itc.it/grass61/source/INSTALL INSTALL] file in the source code.
+
For detailed information on compilation, please see the [https://github.com/OSGeo/grass/blob/master/INSTALL INSTALL] file in the source code.
  
 
=== Prerequisites ===
 
=== Prerequisites ===
  
GRASS needs at least two extra libraries: PROJ and GDAL/OGR
+
==== Extra libraries ====
 +
GRASS GIS needs at least two extra libraries: PROJ and GDAL/OGR. It is recommended to download them as ready-to-use packages for your software platform (Linux distribution, Windows, Mac...).
  
''Note: if you want to have DBMS support in GDAL (subsequently in GRASS) you have to perform the "Optional" steps below as well.''
+
Other libraries needed to run GRASS are listed on the [http://htmlpreview.github.io/?https://github.com/OSGeo/grass/blob/master/REQUIREMENTS.html requirements page].
  
* [http://proj.maptools.org PROJ4] for management of projections (with proj-datumgrid-1.3.zip support)
+
To compile, you will also need the respective "-devel" packages; see below for details.
* Optional: [http://geos.refractions.net GEOS]
 
* Optional: [http://www.postgresql.org PostgreSQL], [http://www.mysql.org mySQL], [http://www.unixodbc.org unixODBC], [http://www.sqlite.org SQLite] (SQLite is needed for QGIS)
 
* [http://www.gdal.org GDAL/OGR] for reading and writing various GIS data formats (interoperability)
 
  
You have to install these two libraries '''first'''.
+
==== Download GRASS GIS source code ====
  
It is easiest to obtain a prepackaged version of these libraries (e.g., .rpm; .deb) for your particular operating system and run the corresponding package installation (e.g., rpm -Uhv packagename.rpm; apt-get) in a terminal window. Take care to also install the development packages of these libraries (...-devel packages). If there is no prepackage version, then you will have to download the source code (see links above, source code packages usually ends in .tar.gz or .zip) and compile it (you must have a C compiler installed as part of your operating system). The Web sites show the steps to compile the libraries.
+
First, [https://grass.osgeo.org/download/software/sources/ download the GRASS GIS source code].
  
 +
=== Generic Compilation and installation procedure ===
  
Other libraries needed to run GRASS are listed here: [http://grass.itc.it/grass63/source/REQUIREMENTS.html REQUIREMENTS]. To compile, you will also need the respective "-devel" packages.
+
* It is wise that compilation processes are carried out as a normal user: If you want to get the source code in a place where you do not have write permissions (e.g. in /usr/local/src/) just follow this:
 +
      cd /usr/local/src/
 +
      su -c 'mkdir grass7'
 +
      su -c 'chown yourlogin:yourgroup grass7'
 +
 
 +
Otherwise if you have permissions just continue as a normal user:
 +
      mkdir $HOME/src
 +
      cd $HOME/src/
 +
      git clone https://github.com/OSGeo/grass.git grass_master
 +
 
 +
* run configure with parameters to adapt the compile process to your own system. To see what options can be passed to it, run:
 +
./configure --help | less
  
=== Generic Compilation and installation procedure ===
 
  
* checkout the grass6 module from cvs (read http://grass.itc.it/faq/cvs_howto.html grass CVS howto instructions)
+
<!-- The minimum set of configure parameters is  
* It is wise that compilation processes are carried out as a normal user: If you want to get the source code in a place where  you do not have write permissions (e.g. in /usr/local/src/cvs) just follow this:
+
       ./configure ### -->
      cd /usr/local/src/cvs
+
It may (!) look like this:
      su -c 'mkdir grass6'
+
      su -c 'chown yourlogin:yourgroup grass6'
 
* do a checkout (co) of the repository
 
      cvs -z3 co grass6
 
* in the grass6 directory, you will find the precious INSTALL file, open it with your favourite pager/editor and read it carefully!
 
* run configure with parameters to adapt the compile process to your own system. To see what options can be passed to it, run configure --help. The minimum set of configure parameters is (refers to GRASS 6 from CVS, not to 6.x release):
 
       ./configure ### It may (!) look like this:
 
 
       ./configure \
 
       ./configure \
 
           --with-cxx \
 
           --with-cxx \
 
           --with-sqlite \
 
           --with-sqlite \
           --with-postgres-libs=/usr/include/pgsql/libpq \
+
           --with-python \
           --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/pgsql \
+
          --with-geos \
 +
          --with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
 +
           --with-cairo --with-cairo-ldflags=-lfontconfig \
 
           --with-freetype \
 
           --with-freetype \
 
           --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 
           --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
           --with-motif \
+
           --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj
          --with-glw \
 
          --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj
 
  
 
You may have to explicitly state the path for certain packages (i.e., gdal). The Unix 'locate' command will come in handy for finding the path of the package you need (you may have to run locate as root ex: sudo locate gdal-config).
 
You may have to explicitly state the path for certain packages (i.e., gdal). The Unix 'locate' command will come in handy for finding the path of the package you need (you may have to run locate as root ex: sudo locate gdal-config).
  
Please note that the paths mentioned may widely vary due to the distribution used. At the end of configuration process you should get report not much different from this:
+
Please note that the paths mentioned may widely vary due to the distribution used.
 +
See [[Compile_and_Install#Platform_Specific_Notes|Platform Specific Notes]] below.
 +
 
 +
Depending on your needs it may be a good idea to include debugging hooks.
 +
: See [[GRASS_Debugging#Compile_Time_Setup]].
 +
CFLAGS="-ggdb -Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration" ./configure ...
  
GRASS is now configured for:  i686-pc-linux-gnu
+
 
+
At the end of configuration process you should get report not much different from this:
Source directory:           /usr/src/grass6
+
 
Build directory:             /usr/src/grass6
+
  GRASS is now configured for:  x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
Installation directory:     /usr/local/grass-6.1.cvs
+
 
Startup script in directory: ${exec_prefix}/bin
+
  Source directory:           /home/user/software/grass_master
C compiler:                 gcc -g -O2
+
  Build directory:           /home/user/software/grass_master
C++ compiler:               c++ -g -O2
+
  Installation directory:     ${prefix}/grass79
  FORTRAN compiler:             
+
  Startup script in directory:${exec_prefix}/bin
Building shared libraries:   yes
+
  C compiler:                 gcc -O2 -march=native -std=gnu99 -fexceptions -fstack-protector -m64 -fdiagnostics-color
64bit support:               no
+
  C++ compiler:               c++ -g -Wall
+
  Building shared libraries: yes
   NVIZ:                       yes
+
  OpenGL platform:            X11
+
    
   BLAS support:              no
+
  MacOSX application:         no
 +
  MacOSX architectures:     
 +
   MacOSX SDK:                
 +
 
 +
   BLAS support:              yes
 +
  BZIP2 support:              no
 
   C++ support:                yes
 
   C++ support:                yes
 +
  Cairo support:              yes
 
   DWG support:                no
 
   DWG support:                no
  FFMPEG support:            no
 
 
   FFTW support:              yes
 
   FFTW support:              yes
 
   FreeType support:          yes
 
   FreeType support:          yes
 
   GDAL support:              yes
 
   GDAL support:              yes
   GLw support:                no
+
   GEOS support:              yes
  JPEG support:              yes
+
   [...]
  LAPACK support:            no
+
 
  Large File Support (LFS):  no
 
  Motif support:              no
 
  MySQL support:              no
 
  NLS support:                no
 
  ODBC support:              no
 
  OGR support:                yes
 
  OpenGL(R) support:          yes
 
  PNG support:                yes
 
  PostgreSQL support:        yes
 
  Readline support:          no
 
  SQLite support:            no
 
  Tcl/Tk support:            yes
 
  TIFF support:              yes
 
   X11 support:                yes
 
 
 
 
* Let's compile it (takes a little while...)!
 
* Let's compile it (takes a little while...)!
       make
+
       make -j2
 
* At the end, you should get report not much different from this:
 
* At the end, you should get report not much different from this:
 
  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 
  ----------------------------------------------------------------------
Line 99: Line 101:
 
  GRASS GIS compilation log
 
  GRASS GIS compilation log
 
  -------------------------
 
  -------------------------
  Started compilation: Ne kvě 28 13:18:43 CEST 2006
+
  Started compilation: Mon 19 Aug 2019 10:47:57 PM CEST
 
  --
 
  --
 
  Errors in:
 
  Errors in:
 +
No errors detected.
 
  --
 
  --
  Finished compilation: Ne kvě 28 13:43:40 CEST 2006
+
  Finished compilation: Mon 19 Aug 2019 10:55:12 PM CEST
 
  (In case of errors please change into the directory with error and run 'make')
 
  (In case of errors please change into the directory with error and run 'make')
  
* If there is any error, change directory to directory with error and run "make" again. Report occuring bug to grass mailing list
+
* If there is any error, change directory to directory with error and run "make" again. Report occurring bug to GRASS mailing list
 
* Once the installation process is finished, you're ready to install GRASS system wide.
 
* Once the installation process is finished, you're ready to install GRASS system wide.
 
       su -c 'make install'
 
       su -c 'make install'
 
* enjoy GRASS:  
 
* enjoy GRASS:  
       grass61
+
       grass79
  
 
=== What else? ===
 
=== What else? ===
Line 117: Line 120:
 
from other application using GDAL/OGR like [http://thuban.intevation.de thuban].
 
from other application using GDAL/OGR like [http://thuban.intevation.de thuban].
 
* [[Compile and install GRASS and QGIS with GDAL/OGR Plugin]] (enables QGIS to read GRASS data directly)
 
* [[Compile and install GRASS and QGIS with GDAL/OGR Plugin]] (enables QGIS to read GRASS data directly)
 +
 +
=== Compile and install GDAL-GRASS plugin ===
 +
 +
* See [[Compile and install GDAL-GRASS plugin]]
  
 
=== Platform Specific Notes ===
 
=== Platform Specific Notes ===
  
==== Debian ====
+
==== Linux ====
 +
 
 +
Linux comes in various flavours, i.e. distributions.
 +
 
 +
===== Distribution related packaging =====
 +
 
 +
* Arch Linux: https://github.com/czka/AUR-grass7
 +
* Centos: https://src.fedoraproject.org/rpms/grass
 +
* Debian: https://trac.osgeo.org/grass/wiki/DebianUbuntuPackaging
 +
* EPEL: https://src.fedoraproject.org/rpms/grass
 +
* Fedora: https://src.fedoraproject.org/rpms/grass
 +
* Ubuntu: https://trac.osgeo.org/grass/wiki/DebianUbuntuPackaging
 +
 
 +
===== Debian =====
 +
 
 +
* Official [http://wiki.debian.org/DebianGis DebianGIS] packaging control files, available on git server:
 +
  git://git.debian.org/git/pkg-grass/grass.git
 +
 
 +
  http://anonscm.debian.org/cgit/pkg-grass/grass.git/
 +
 
 +
====== GRASS 6.1 on Debian Sarge ======
 +
 
 +
* [http://hamish.bowman.googlepages.com/debiangisfiles#compile Compiling GRASS 6.1-CVS on Debian/OldStable (aka 3.1, Sarge)]
 +
 
 +
====== GRASS 6.4 on Debian Lenny ======
 +
 
 +
Install needed packages:
 +
  apt-get install flex bison libreadline-dev libncurses5-dev lesstif2-dev debhelper dpatch libtiff4-dev \
 +
          tcl-dev tk-dev libfftw3-dev libxmu-dev libfreetype6-dev autoconf2.13 autotools-dev doxygen \
 +
          libmysqlclient15-dev graphviz libsqlite3-dev python-wxgtk2.8 libcairo2-dev libwxgtk2.8-dev \
 +
          python-dev libgdal1-dev  libgdal1-1.5.0 libproj-dev libproj0 proj-bin proj-data mysql
 +
 
 +
# Important: avoid using CFLAGS="... -Werror-implicit-function-declaration" (also on later Debian versions), see {{trac|1684}}
 +
 
 +
Configure:
 +
  ./configure \
 +
  --with-cxx \
 +
  --with-sqlite \
 +
  --with-postgres --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/postgresql \
 +
  --with-mysql --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql --with-mysql-libs=/usr/lib/mysql \
 +
  --with-odbc \
 +
  --with-cairo \
 +
  --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
 +
  --with-tcltk-includes=/usr/include/tcl8.4/ \
 +
  --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
  --with-motif --with-fftw --with-nls --with-python \
 +
  --with-x --x-libraries=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu
 +
 
 +
Compile:
 +
  make
 +
 
 +
Install:
 +
  sudo make install
 +
 
 +
====== GRASS 6.4 on Debian Jessie ======
 +
 
 +
Install needed packages:
 +
  apt-get install flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 autotools-dev \
 +
    python-dev g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev tcl-dev tk-dev \
 +
    libfreetype6-dev libgdal1h libgdal1-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev \
 +
    libncurses5-dev libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev libtiff5-dev \
 +
    libwxgtk3.0-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxt-dev mesa-common-dev \
 +
    libproj-dev proj-bin proj-data python-numpy python-wxgtk3.0 subversion wx-common zlib1g-dev \
 +
    netcdf-bin libnetcdf-dev libatlas-dev libgegl-dev doxygen postgresql mysql-server \
 +
    libgeotiff-dev libblas-dev libgeotiff-epsg libxmu-dev libxt-dev libx11-dev
 +
 
 +
# Important: avoid using CFLAGS="... -Werror-implicit-function-declaration" (also on later Debian versions), see {{trac|1684}}
 +
 
 +
Configure:
 +
  ./configure \
 +
  --with-cxx \
 +
  --with-sqlite \
 +
  --with-postgres \
 +
  --with-odbc \
 +
  --with-cairo \
 +
  --with-geos \
 +
  --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
 +
  --with-tcltk-includes=/usr/include/tcl8.6/ \
 +
  --with-mysql --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql --with-mysql-libs=/usr/lib/mysql \
 +
  --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
  --with-motif \
 +
  --with-fftw \
 +
  --with-nls \
 +
  --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/postgresql \
 +
  --with-python \
 +
  --with-x --x-libraries=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu
 +
 
 +
Compile:
 +
  make
 +
 
 +
Install:
 +
  sudo make install
 +
 
 +
====== GRASS 7 on Debian Squeeze ======
 +
 
 +
Install needed packages:
 +
apt-get install flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 autotools-dev python-dev \
 +
    g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev libfreetype6-dev \
 +
    libgdal1 libgdal1-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev \
 +
    libncurses5-dev libproj-dev libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev libtiff4-dev \
 +
    libwxgtk2.8-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxt-dev mesa-common-dev \
 +
    proj-bin proj-data python-numpy python-wxgtk2.8 subversion wx-common zlib1g-dev
 +
 
 +
Download source code:
 +
 
 +
svn checkout https://svn.osgeo.org/grass/grass/trunk grass_trunk
 +
 
 +
Configure:
 +
 +
cd grass_trunk/
 +
CFLAGS="-Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration -fno-common -Wextra -Wunused" \
 +
CXXFLAGS="-Wall"  \
 +
  ./configure --prefix=/usr/local \
 +
  --with-gdal --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share \
 +
  --with-glw --with-nls --with-readline \
 +
  --without-tcltk \
 +
  --with-cxx \
 +
  --enable-largefile \
 +
  --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
  --with-sqlite \
 +
  --with-cairo --with-python=/usr/bin/python2.6-config --with-wxwidgets \
 +
  --with-geos --with-pthread
 +
 
 +
Compile:
 +
  make
 +
 
 +
Install:
 +
  sudo make install  # installs as /usr/local/bin/grass72
 +
 
 +
====== GRASS 7 on Debian Wheezy ======
 +
 
 +
Install needed packages:
 +
 
 +
# note: cmake and libboost-all-dev only needed for optional libLAS
 +
sudo apt-get install cmake libboost-all-dev
 +
 +
sudo apt-get install flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 autotools-dev \
 +
  python-dev g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev libfreetype6-dev \
 +
  libgdal1 libgdal1-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev libncurses5-dev libproj-dev \
 +
  libreadline-dev libtiff4-dev libwxgtk2.8-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers \
 +
  libxt-dev mesa-common-dev proj-bin proj-data python-numpy python-wxgtk2.8 subversion wx-common \
 +
  zlib1g-dev netcdf-bin libatlas-dev libgegl-dev opencl-headers ocl-icd-libopencl1 \
 +
  libsqlite3-dev postgresql python-sphinx python-gdal
 +
 
 +
Download and Install libLAS
 +
wget http://download.osgeo.org/liblas/libLAS-1.7.0.tar.gz
 +
tar -zxvf libLAS-1.7.0.tar.gz
 +
cd libLAS-1.7.0/
 +
mkdir makefiles
 +
cd makefiles
 +
cmake -G "Unix Makefiles" ../
 +
make
 +
sudo make install
 +
sudo ldconfig
 +
cd ../..
 +
 
 +
Download of GRASS GIS 7 source code:
 +
wget http://grass.osgeo.org/grass78/source/grass-7.8.0.tar.gz
 +
tar -zxvf grass-7.8.0.tar.gz
 +
 
 +
Configure:
 +
cd grass-7.0.0
 +
CFLAGS="-g -Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration -fno-common -Wextra -Wunused" CXXFLAGS="-g -Wall" \
 +
./configure \
 +
    --prefix=/usr/local \
 +
    --with-gdal \
 +
    --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share \
 +
    --with-glw --with-nls --with-readline \
 +
    --with-cxx --enable-largefile \
 +
    --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
    --with-sqlite --with-cairo --with-python=/usr/bin/python-config \
 +
    --with-wxwidgets --with-geos --with-blas \
 +
    --with-lapack-includes=/usr/lib/lapack --with-liblas=yes \
 +
    --with-netcdf=/usr/bin/nc-config --with-odbc=yes \
 +
    --with-openmp=yes --with-pthread=yes --with-postgres=yes \
 +
    --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/postgresql \
 +
    --with-postgres-libs=/usr/lib/postgresql
 +
 +
#    --with-mysql=yes --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql \
 +
#    --with-mysql-libs=/usr/lib/mysql \
 +
 
 +
GRASS GIS 7 is now configured (example):
 +
 
 +
  Source directory:          /home/user/grass-7.0.0
 +
  Build directory:            /home/user/grass-7.0.0
 +
  Installation directory:    ${prefix}/grass-7.0.0
 +
  Startup script in directory:${exec_prefix}/bin
 +
  C compiler:                gcc -g -Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration -fno-common -Wextra -Wunused
 +
  C++ compiler:              c++ -g -Wall
 +
  Building shared libraries:  yes
 +
  OpenGL platform:            X11
 +
  MacOSX application:        no
 +
  MacOSX architectures:     
 +
  MacOSX SDK:               
 +
  BLAS support:              yes
 +
  C++ support:                yes
 +
  Cairo support:              yes
 +
  DWG support:                no
 +
  FFTW support:              yes
 +
  FreeType support:          yes
 +
  GDAL support:              yes
 +
  GEOS support:              yes
 +
  LAPACK support:            no
 +
  Large File support (LFS):  yes
 +
  libLAS support:            yes
 +
  MySQL support:              no
 +
  NetCDF support:            yes
 +
  NLS support:                yes
 +
  ODBC support:              yes
 +
  OGR support:                yes
 +
  OpenCL support:            no
 +
  OpenGL support:            yes
 +
  OpenMP support:            yes
 +
  PNG support:                yes
 +
  POSIX thread support:      yes
 +
  PostgreSQL support:        yes
 +
  Readline support:          yes
 +
  Regex support:              yes
 +
  SQLite support:            yes
 +
  TIFF support:              yes
 +
  wxWidgets support:          yes
 +
  X11 support:                no
 +
 
 +
Compile:
 +
make -j2
 +
 
 +
Install:
 +
sudo make install  # installs as /usr/local/bin/grass70
 +
 
 +
Launch:
 +
grass70
 +
 
 +
====== GRASS 7 on Debian Jessie ======
 +
 
 +
Install needed packages:
 +
sudo apt-get install cmake libboost-all-dev flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 \
 +
    autotools-dev python-dev g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev \
 +
    libfreetype6-dev libgdal1h libgdal1-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev \
 +
    libncurses5-dev libproj-dev libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev libtiff5-dev \
 +
    libwxgtk3.0-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxt-dev mesa-common-dev \
 +
    proj-bin proj-data python-numpy python-wxgtk3.0 subversion wx-common zlib1g-dev \
 +
    netcdf-bin libnetcdf-dev libgegl-dev  doxygen python-sphinx \
 +
    postgresql libgeotiff-dev libblas-dev mysql-server \
 +
    libatlas-dev liblapack3gf liblapack-dev
 +
    # opencl-headers ocl-icd-libopencl1  liblas-bin liblas-c-dev python-gdal
 +
 
 +
Download and compile libLAS (or simply install 'liblas-c-dev ', see above):
 +
wget http://download.osgeo.org/liblas/libLAS-1.8.0.tar.bz2
 +
tar xjf libLAS-1.8.0.tar.bz2
 +
mkdir libLAS-1.8.0/makefiles
 +
cd libLAS-1.8.0/makefiles
 +
cmake -G "Unix Makefiles" ../
 +
make
 +
sudo make install
 +
 
 +
Download and compile GRASS 7:
 +
# (check there for later version)
 +
wget http://grass.osgeo.org/grass74/source/grass-7.4.0.tar.gz
 +
tar xzfv grass-7.4.0.tar.gz
 +
cd grass-7.4.0
 +
CFLAGS="-g -Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration -fno-common -Wextra -Wunused" \
 +
CXXFLAGS="-g -Wall"  \
 +
./configure \
 +
    --prefix=/usr/local \
 +
    --with-gdal --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share \
 +
    --with-glw --with-nls --with-readline \
 +
    --with-cxx --enable-largefile \
 +
    --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
    --with-sqlite --with-cairo --with-python=/usr/bin/python-config \
 +
    --with-wxwidgets --with-geos \
 +
    --with-blas --with-blas-includes=/usr/include/atlas/ \
 +
    --with-lapack --with-lapack-includes=/usr/include/atlas/ \
 +
    --with-netcdf=/usr/bin/nc-config --with-odbc=yes \
 +
    --with-openmp=yes --with-pthread=no --with-postgres=yes \
 +
    --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/postgresql \
 +
    --with-postgres-libs=/usr/lib/postgresql \
 +
    --with-mysql=yes --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql \
 +
    --with-mysql-libs=/usr/lib/mysql
 +
make -j2
 +
 
 +
Install:
 +
sudo make install  # installs as /usr/local/bin/grass74
 +
 
 +
====== GRASS 7 on Debian Stretch ======
 +
(Updated from above with package changes required for Debian Stretch)
 +
 
 +
Install needed packages for GRASS 7.2 - 7.6:
 +
  apt-get install cmake libboost-all-dev flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 autotools-dev \
 +
    python-dev g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev libfreetype6-dev libgdal20 \
 +
    libgdal-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev libncurses5-dev libproj-dev libreadline-dev \
 +
    libsqlite3-dev libtiff5-dev libwxgtk3.0-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxt-dev mesa-common-dev \
 +
    proj-bin proj-data python-numpy python-wxgtk3.0 python-wxtools wx-common zlib1g-dev netcdf-bin \
 +
    libnetcdf-dev libgegl-dev  doxygen python-sphinx postgresql libgeotiff-dev libblas-dev \
 +
    mariadb-server libatlas-dev liblapack3 liblapack-dev opencl-headers ocl-icd-libopencl1 \
 +
    subversion liblas-bin liblas-c-dev python-gdal libpdal-dev libpdal-plugin-python pdal
 +
 
 +
Install needed packages for GRASS 7.8+ (Python 3 support!):
 +
  apt-get install cmake libboost-all-dev flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 autotools-dev \
 +
    g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev libfreetype6-dev libgdal20 python3-dev \
 +
    libgdal-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev libproj-dev libreadline-dev libgeos-c1v5 \
 +
    libsqlite3-dev libtiff5-dev libwxgtk3.0-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxt-dev mesa-common-dev \
 +
    proj-bin proj-data python3-numpy python3-six wx-common zlib1g-dev netcdf-bin \
 +
    libnetcdf-dev libgegl-dev  doxygen python3-sphinx postgresql libgeotiff-dev libblas-dev \
 +
    libatlas-dev liblapack3 liblapack-dev opencl-headers ocl-icd-libopencl1 \
 +
    subversion liblas-bin liblas-c-dev python3-gdal libpdal-dev libpdal-plugin-python pdal
 +
   
 +
    # ? python3-wxgtk4.0 libmariadb
 +
 
 +
Download and unpack source code or fetch from GitHub: https://github.com/OSGeo/grass
 +
 
 +
Configuration:
 +
 
 +
  CFLAGS="-Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration -fno-common -Wextra -Wunused" \
 +
  CXXFLAGS="-Wall"  \
 +
  ./configure \
 +
  --prefix=/usr/local \
 +
  --with-gdal --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share \
 +
  --with-glw --with-nls --with-readline \
 +
  --with-cxx --enable-largefile \
 +
  --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
  --with-sqlite --with-cairo --with-python=/usr/bin/python-config \
 +
  --with-wxwidgets --with-geos \
 +
  --with-blas --with-blas-includes=/usr/include/atlas/ \
 +
  --with-lapack --with-lapack-includes=/usr/include/atlas/ \
 +
  --with-netcdf=/usr/bin/nc-config --with-odbc=yes \
 +
  --with-openmp=yes --with-pthread=no --with-postgres=yes \
 +
  --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/postgresql \
 +
  --with-postgres-libs=/usr/lib/postgresql \
 +
  --with-mysql=yes --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql
 +
 
 +
Compile:
 +
 
 +
  make -j2
 +
 
 +
Install:
 +
 
 +
  make install
 +
 
 +
===== Ubuntu =====
 +
 
 +
There is a dedicated page on how to [[Compile_and_Install_Ubuntu | Compile the GRASS GIS source code & install it in Ubuntu]].
 +
 
 +
===== Linux Mint =====
 +
 
 +
The [[Compile_and_Install_Ubuntu | detailed compilation guide for Ubuntu]] may just work. Here is a short guide for Mint:
 +
<source lang="bash">
 +
# installation of required libraries and compile tools
 +
sudo apt-get install\
 +
build-essential flex make bison gcc libgcc1 g++ cmake ccache \
 +
python python-dev python-opengl python-wxversion python-wxtools python-wxgtk3.0 python-dateutil \
 +
libgsl-dev python-numpy wx3.0-headers wx-common libwxgtk3.0-dev libwxbase3.0-dev \
 +
libncurses5-dev zlib1g-dev gettext libtiff5-dev libpnglite-dev libcairo2 libcairo2-dev \
 +
sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev libpq-dev libreadline6 libreadline6-dev libfreetype6-dev \
 +
libfftw3-3 libfftw3-dev libboost-thread-dev libboost-program-options-dev \
 +
liblas-c-dev resolvconf libjasper-dev subversion libav-tools libavutil-dev \
 +
ffmpeg2theora libffmpegthumbnailer-dev libavcodec-dev libxmu-dev libavformat-dev \
 +
libswscale-dev checkinstall libglu1-mesa-dev libxmu-dev ghostscript
 +
</source>
 +
 
 +
Next steps:
 +
* download [https://grass.osgeo.org/download/software/sources/ GRASS GIS source code] (e.g. take the "Weekly 7.x-svn snapshot")
 +
* unpack source code, change into the source code directory
 +
 
 +
<source lang="bash">
 +
# now "configure" stop to prepare for compilation
 +
CFLAGS="-Wall" ./configure  \
 +
--with-cxx  --with-gdal \
 +
--with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj/ \
 +
--with-geos  --without-postgres \
 +
--with-nls  --with-opengl-includes=/usr/include/GL/ \
 +
--with-fftw  --with-freetype \
 +
--with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2  --with-sqlite \
 +
--with-python=/usr/bin/python2.7-config  --with-wx=/usr/bin/wx-config \
 +
--with-wxwidgets  --with-cairo  --enable-largefile
 +
 
 +
# compile GRASS GIS
 +
make -j2
 +
 
 +
# install compiled GRASS GIS on system
 +
sudo make install
 +
</source>
 +
 
 +
===== Mandriva =====
 +
 
 +
Installation of dependencies (urpmi will ask you a few more):
 +
 
 +
'''Mandriva 2009:''' (take out the '64' everywhere if you are on 32bit)
 +
  # as root
 +
    urpmi flex bison zlib-devel tiff-devel png-devel tcl-devel tk-devel sqlite3-devel \
 +
          mesagl1-devel mesaglu1-devel lib64xmu6-devel gcc-c++ gettext \
 +
          lib64wxgtk2.8 lib64wxgtk2.8-devel lib64wxgtkgl2.8 wxgtk2.8 \
 +
          lib64wxPythonGTK2.8 lib64wxPythonGTK2.8-devel wxPythonGTK wxPythonGTK-wxversion
 +
    exit
 +
 
 +
'''Mandriva 2010:''' (take out the '64' everywhere if you are on 32bit) - see also [http://svn.mandriva.com/cgi-bin/viewvc.cgi/packages/cooker/grass/current/SPECS/ SPEC] file
 +
  # as root
 +
    # installation of PROJ and GDAL
 +
    urpmi proj proj-devel gdal gdal-devel gcc-gfortran lib64openssl1.0.0 \
 +
          lib64openssl1.0.0-devel postgresql8.4-devel lib64pq8.4
 +
 +
    # installation of compilation environment
 +
    urpmi flex bison zlib-devel tiff-devel png-devel tcl-devel tk-devel sqlite3-devel \
 +
          lib64mesagl1-devel lib64mesaglu1-devel lib64xmu6-devel gcc-c++ gettext \
 +
          lib64wxgtk2.8 lib64wxgtk2.8-devel lib64wxgtkgl2.8 wxgtk2.8 \
 +
          lib64wxPythonGTK2.8 lib64wxPythonGTK2.8-devel wxPythonGTK wxPythonGTK-wxversion
 +
    exit
 +
 
 +
Then, to configure GRASS, run (64 bit stuff optional of course):
 +
  #  as user
 +
  ./configure \
 +
    --enable-64bit --with-libs=/usr/lib64 \
 +
    --with-cxx \
 +
    --with-gdal=/usr/local/bin/gdal-config \
 +
    --with-sqlite \
 +
    --with-nls \
 +
    --with-python \
 +
    --with-wxwidgets=/usr/lib/wxPython/bin/wx-config \
 +
    --with-fftw \
 +
    --with-ffmpeg --with-ffmpeg-includes="/usr/include/libav* /usr/include/libpostproc /usr/include/libswscale" \
 +
    --with-motif \
 +
    --with-mysql --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql --with-mysql-libs=/usr/lib64 \
 +
    --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
    --enable-largefile
 +
 
 +
  # compilation (use -j2 ior -j4 parameter on multi-core CPUs to accelerate): 
 +
    make
 +
 
 +
Installation:
 +
    su
 +
    # this will install into /usr/local/
 +
    make install
 +
    exit
 +
 
 +
===== Enterprise Linux =====
 +
 
 +
Enterprise Linux (EL) and derivatives (that is, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS and Scientific Linux) is a popular and robust platform for servers and computing-heavy workstations, and is therefore a good fit for GIS specific requirements.
 +
 
 +
See: http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Enterprise_Linux_GIS
 +
 
 +
===== Scientific Linux =====
 +
 
 +
See Centos
 +
 
 +
===== CentOS =====
 +
 
 +
You first need to add the EPEL repository for PROJ.4 and GDAL, see [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL/FAQ#How_can_I_install_the_packages_from_the_EPEL_software_repository.3F here]
 +
 
 +
<strike>
 +
Preparation '''Centos 5''' (old):
 +
  yum install epel-release
 +
 +
  # Note: CentOS 5 comes with Python 2.4 which lacks python-config, hence two extra tweaks are needed.
 +
  yum install flex bison zlib-devel tcl-devel tk-devel gcc-c++ gettext \
 +
              libtiff-devel libpng-devel sqlite-devel \
 +
              mesa-libGL-devel mesa-libGLU-devel mesa-libGLw-devel \
 +
              mesa-libOSMesa-devel libXmu-devel python-devel gtk2-devel\
 +
              ncurses-devel postgresql-devel make
 +
</strike>
 +
 
 +
Preparation '''Centos 6''' | '''Scientific Linux 6''':
 +
  yum install epel-release
 +
 +
  yum install flex bison make zlib-devel gcc-c++ gettext \
 +
              sqlite-devel mesa-libGL-devel mesa-libGLU-devel \
 +
              libXmu-devel libX11-devel fftw-devel libtiff-devel \
 +
              lesstif-devel python-devel numpy wxPython wxGTK-devel \
 +
              proj proj-devel proj-epsg proj-nad libxml2 gdal gdal-devel geos geos-devel \
 +
              python-dateutil python-imaging python-matplotlib python-argparse
 +
  # only GRASS GIS 6: install also tcl-devel tk-devel
 +
 
 +
Preparation '''Centos 7''' | '''Scientific Linux 7''':
 +
  yum install epel-release
 +
 +
  yum install flex bison make zlib-devel gcc-c++ gettext \
 +
              sqlite-devel mesa-libGL-devel mesa-libGLU-devel \
 +
              libXmu-devel libX11-devel fftw-devel libtiff-devel \
 +
              lesstif-devel python-devel numpy wxPython wxGTK-devel \
 +
              proj proj-devel proj-epsg proj-nad libxml2 gdal gdal-devel geos geos-devel \
 +
              netcdf netcdf-devel blas-devel lapack-devel atlas-devel \
 +
              python-dateutil python-imaging python-matplotlib python-sphinx \
 +
              doxygen subversion
 +
 
 +
'''GRASS GIS 7 compilation and installation'''
 +
 
 +
[http://grass.osgeo.org/download/software/sources/ Download source code] (e.g., --> "Download latest 7.4-svn code)" and configure GRASS 7 (suggestion: save this as script):
 +
 
 +
./configure \
 +
  --with-cxx \
 +
  --enable-largefile \
 +
  --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
 +
  --with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
 +
  --with-sqlite \
 +
  --with-python \
 +
  --with-cairo --with-cairo-ldflags=-lfontconfig \
 +
  --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
  --with-wxwidgets=/usr/bin/wx-config \
 +
  --with-openmp \
 +
  --with-blas --with-blas-includes=/usr/include/atlas-x86_64-base/ \
 +
  --with-lapack --with-lapack-includes=/usr/include/atlas-x86_64-base/ \
 +
  --with-fftw \
 +
  --with-geos \
 +
  --with-netcdf \
 +
  --without-ffmpeg \
 +
  --without-mysql \
 +
  --without-postgres \
 +
  --without-odbc \
 +
  --without-fftw
 +
 
 +
Compile:
 +
    make
 +
or on a multicore system (number depends of available cores):
 +
    make -j4
 +
 
 +
For a system wide installation, run as root user:
 +
    make install
 +
OR simply run it directly from the source code directory (substitute ARCH with i686 or x86_64):
 +
 
 +
    bin.$ARCH/grass74 -gui
 +
 
 +
In this case, for convenience, add it to the search path:
 +
    mkdir $HOME/bin
 +
    cd $HOME/bin
 +
    # example:
 +
    ln -s $HOME/software/grass74_release/bin.i686-pc-linux-gnu/grass74 .
 +
 
 +
Now use it subsequently with
 +
    grass74 -gui
 +
 
 +
===== Gentoo =====
 +
 
 +
  ./configure \
 +
    --with-freetype=yes --with-freetype-includes="/usr/include/freetype2/"
 +
 
 +
See also http://packages.gentoo.org/package/sci-geosciences/grass
 +
 
 +
===== Funtoo =====
 +
 
 +
{{MovedToTrac|FuntooLinux}}
 +
 
 +
===== Fedora =====
 +
 
 +
====== GRASS GIS 6 on Fedora ======
 +
 
 +
'''Preparation''' for the compilation of GRASS GIS 6 source code (F16-F21):
 +
 
 +
  yum install proj-devel gdal-devel sqlite-devel ffmpeg-devel mesa-libGL-devel \
 +
              mesa-libGLU-devel libXmu-devel libX11-devel tcl-devel tk-devel geos \
 +
              fftw-devel libtiff-devel lesstif-devel python-devel numpy wxPython wxGTK-devel \
 +
              gcc gcc-c++ bison flex ncurses-devel proj-epsg proj-nad xml2 subversion
 +
 
 +
''Note 1: that currently gdal-devel has (too) many dependencies and may lead to a massive download of extra packages (200 on a fresh Fedora 16 install). Hopefully solved in later Fedora versions.''
 +
 
 +
''Note 2: the optional ffmpeg-devel comes from the rpmfusion-free repository ([http://rpmfusion.org/Configuration/ configuration]).''
 +
 
 +
'''Download''' the source code:
 +
* GRASS GIS 6: [http://grass.osgeo.org/download/software/sources/ release package] - [http://grass.osgeo.org/grass64/source/snapshot/ weekly snapshot] - [http://trac.osgeo.org/grass/wiki/DownloadSource#GRASS6.4 SVN repository]
 +
 
 +
'''Configure''': This is an ''example'' how to configure the source code on a Fedora system:
 +
 
 +
  ./configure \
 +
  --with-cxx \
 +
  --with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
 +
  --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
 +
  --with-sqlite \
 +
  --with-nls \
 +
  --with-geos \
 +
  --with-wxwidgets=/usr/bin/wx-config \
 +
  --with-python=/usr/bin/python-config \
 +
  --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
  --enable-largefile \
 +
  --without-odbc \
 +
  --with-fftw
 +
 
 +
Extra: If you also want '''FFMPEG''' support - it requires 'yum install fftw-devel'. Then add to the configuration lines above:
 +
 
 +
    --with-ffmpeg --with-ffmpeg-includes="/usr/include/ffmpeg /usr/include/ffmpeg/libav* /usr/include/ffmpeg/libpostproc /usr/include/ffmpeg/libswscale" \
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Finally '''compile''' the configured source code:
 +
    make
 +
  or on multicore (number depends of available cores):
 +
    make -j4
 +
  and
 +
    make install # requires root permissions unless you become owner of /usr/local/
 +
 
 +
Then use GRASS GIS 6 and enjoy!
 +
 
  
      # first install PROJ, then GDAL.
+
====== GRASS GIS 7 on Fedora ======
      cd grass63/
 
      fakeroot buildpackage
 
  
* [http://hamish.bowman.googlepages.com/debiangisfiles#compile Compiling GRASS 6.1-CVS on Debian/Stable (aka 3.1, Sarge)]
+
'''Preparation''' for the compilation of GRASS GIS 7 source code (F20-F30):
  
* Official [http://pkg-grass.alioth.debian.org/cgi-bin/wiki.pl DebianGIS] packaging [http://svn.debian.org/wsvn/pkg-grass/packages/grass/branches/ control files], also accessible via svn: 'svn co svn://svn.debian.org/svn/pkg-grass/packages/grass/branches/<GRASS Version>'
+
  dnf install gcc gcc-c++ bison flex ncurses-devel gettext proj-epsg proj-devel proj-nad \
 +
              gdal gdal-devel sqlite-devel xml2 mesa-libGL-devel \
 +
              fftw-devel mesa-libGLU-devel libXmu-devel libX11-devel geos geos-devel \
 +
              libtiff-devel python-devel numpy wxPython wxGTK3-devel subversion \
 +
              python-dateutil python-imaging python-matplotlib-wx doxygen python-sphinx \
 +
              libzstd-devel libzstd python3-six python3-numpy python3-wxpython4 \
 +
              proj-datumgrid proj-datumgrid-europe proj-datumgrid-north-america proj-datumgrid-world proj-datumgrid-oceania
  
==== Ubuntu 6.06, 7.10 ====
+
  # optionally also:  netcdf-devel postgresql-devel
 +
  #                  atlas-devel lapack-devel lapack-devel
 +
  #                  laszip laszip-devel
  
* [http://david.p.finlayson.googlepages.com/makegrass.sh makegrass.sh] is script designed to automate most of the download, configuration and compilation of GRASS 6.x-CVS
+
''Note 1: the optional ffmpeg-devel comes from the rpmfusion-free repository ([http://rpmfusion.org/Configuration/ configuration]).''
** it is advised use [https://help.ubuntu.com/community/CheckInstall checkinstall] (''sudo apt-get install checkinstall'') instead of ''make install'' to keep track of installed software
 
* [[User:Steko/Automated_CVS_compiling|Here]] is another of these scripts, it's homemade so probably you'll find the above more useful for production sites.
 
  
==== RPM SPEC files ====
 
  
* ... can be found in the source code, rpm/ directory,
+
'''Download''' the source code:
* or [http://www.gdf-hannover.de/media.php?id=1&lg=en here] (Mandrake, SuSe)
+
* GRASS GIS 7: [http://grass.osgeo.org/grass76/source/snapshot/ weekly snapshot] - [http://trac.osgeo.org/grass/wiki/DownloadSource#GRASS7 GitHub repository]
* or [http://teodori.org/repository/grass.html openSuSe]
 
* or [http://grass.itc.it/grass62/binary/linux/fedora_specs/ Fedora]
 
* or [http://svn.mandriva.com/cgi-bin/viewvc.cgi/packages/cooker/grass/ Mandriva 2008] or [http://svn.mandriva.com/cgi-bin/viewvc.cgi/packages/cooker/grass/current/SPECS/ Mandriva Cooker] (there are also [http://svn.mandriva.com/cgi-bin/viewvc.cgi/packages/cooker/proj/ proj4], [http://svn.mandriva.com/cgi-bin/viewvc.cgi/packages/cooker/geos/ geos], [http://svn.mandriva.com/cgi-bin/viewvc.cgi/packages/cooker/gdal/ gdal], [http://svn.mandriva.com/cgi-bin/viewvc.cgi/packages/cooker/gdal-grass/ gdal-grass-plugin], [http://svn.mandriva.com/cgi-bin/viewvc.cgi/packages/cooker/qgis/ qgis] etc)
 
  
==== Solaris 10 SPARC/i86pc ====
+
 
 +
'''Configure''': This is an example how to configure the source code on a Fedora system:
 +
 
 +
  ./configure \
 +
  --with-cxx \
 +
  --with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
 +
  --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
 +
  --with-geos \
 +
  --with-sqlite \
 +
  --with-nls \
 +
  --with-wxwidgets=/usr/bin/wx-config \
 +
  --with-fftw \
 +
  --with-cairo --with-cairo-ldflags=-lfontconfig \
 +
  --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
  --enable-largefile \
 +
  --without-odbc
 +
 
 +
''Extra 1:'' If you also want '''FFMPEG support''' - it requires 'dnf install fftw-devel' from the rpmfusion-free repository. Then add to the configuration lines above:
 +
 
 +
    --with-ffmpeg --with-ffmpeg-includes="/usr/include/ffmpeg /usr/include/ffmpeg/libav* /usr/include/ffmpeg/libpostproc /usr/include/ffmpeg/libswscale" \
 +
 
 +
''Extra 2:'' For '''LAPACK/BLAS support''' (addons i.spec.unmix, v.kriging etc), install "dnf install lapack lapack-devel blas blas-devel atlas atlas-devel". Then add to the configuration lines above:
 +
  --with-blas --with-blas-includes=/usr/include/atlas-x86_64-base/ \
 +
  --with-lapack --with-lapack-includes=/usr/include/atlas-x86_64-base/ \
 +
 
 +
''Extra 3:'' For '''ZSTD support''' (Zstandard compression algorithm), first install "dnf install libzstd libzstd-devel zstd". After installing the zstd related packages, add to the configuration lines above:
 +
  --with-zstd \
 +
 
 +
Finally '''compile''' the configured source code:
 +
    make
 +
  or on multicore (number depends of available cores):
 +
    make -j4
 +
  and
 +
    make install # requires root permissions unless you become owner of /usr/local/
 +
 
 +
Then use GRASS GIS 7 and enjoy!
 +
 
 +
===== openSUSE =====
 +
 
 +
To build GRASS on openSUSE:
 +
 
 +
''Application:Geo'' repo to be added (see [https://software.opensuse.org//download.html?project=Application%3AGeo&package=gdal Install package Application:Geo]
 +
 
 +
<source lang="bash">
 +
# example for Leap 42 version:
 +
sudo zypper addrepo http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:Geo/openSUSE_Leap_42.3/Application:Geo.repo
 +
sudo zypper refresh
 +
</source>
 +
 
 +
RPM packages to be installed:
 +
<source lang="bash">
 +
sudo zypper install bison flex freetype2-devel fftw3-devel gcc-c++ \
 +
  libgdal-devel libgeos-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libtiff-devel \
 +
  man proj libproj-devel readline-devel netcdf-devel ncurses-devel \
 +
  mysql-devel postgresql-devel sqlite-devel unixODBC-devel \
 +
  tcl-devel tk-devel xorg-x11-Mesa-devel libXmu-devel \
 +
  python-numpy python-dateutil python-devel python-opengl \
 +
  python-wxWidgets python-xml python-dateutil wxWidgets-devel \
 +
  zlib-devel doxygen python-sphinx
 +
</source>
 +
 
 +
Source code configuration:
 +
<source lang="bash">
 +
./configure \
 +
--enable-largefile \
 +
--with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
 +
--with-cxx \
 +
--with-lapack=yes \
 +
--with-x \
 +
--with-motif \
 +
--with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
 +
--with-postgres --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/pgsql \
 +
--with-mysql --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql \
 +
--with-fftw \
 +
--with-readline \
 +
--with-netcdf \
 +
--with-curses \
 +
--with-geos \
 +
--with-nls \
 +
--with-sqlite \
 +
--with-freetype \
 +
--with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 +
--with-wxwidgets \
 +
--with-odbc \
 +
--with-python
 +
</source>
 +
 
 +
Then compile with "make [-j2]".
 +
 
 +
===== Arch Linux =====
 +
 
 +
Up-to-date links to Arch Linux GRASS PKGBUILDs are on https://grass.osgeo.org/download/software/linux/.
 +
 
 +
But if you want to compile it yourself, you have to keep in mind that in Arch Linux the default Python version 3.
 +
 
 +
python --version
 +
 
 +
Python 3.3.1
 +
 
 +
Therefore, to build GRASS GIS (version 7 in this example), we can use either use virtualenv or symlink python2 and python2-config in a given directory.
 +
Let's use the latter approach
 +
 
 +
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/python2 $HOME/usr/bin/python
 +
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/python2-config $HOME/usr/bin/python-config
 +
 
 +
We can now start building GRASS 7
 +
 
 +
export PATH=~/usr/bin:$PATH && \
 +
./configure \
 +
--enable-debug \
 +
--enable-64bit \
 +
--with-libs=/usr/lib64  \
 +
--with-cxx \
 +
--with-readline \
 +
--with-zlib-includes="/usr/include/" \
 +
--with-freetype=yes \
 +
--with-freetype-includes="/usr/include/freetype2/" \
 +
--enable-largefile=yes \
 +
--with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
 +
--with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj/ \
 +
--with-geos=/usr/bin/geos-config \
 +
--with-cairo \
 +
--with-odbc \
 +
--with-pthread \
 +
--with-liblas=/usr/local/bin/liblas-config  \
 +
--with-fftw-includes="/usr/include/" \
 +
--with-fftw-libs=/usr/lib/ \
 +
--with-tcltk-includes="/usr/include/" \
 +
--with-wxwidgets \
 +
--with-postgres=yes \
 +
--with-postgres-includes="/usr/include/postgresql/internal" \
 +
--with-postgres-libs="/usr/include/postgresql/internal/libpq" \
 +
--with-sqlite=yes \
 +
--with-python=yes \
 +
--with-liblas \
 +
--with-netcdf
 +
 
 +
Now let's compile and install it
 +
 
 +
make
 +
sudo make install
 +
 
 +
Now the final step required to use GRASS with python2 is to create a bash script "grass" (or the name you want)
 +
 
 +
#!/bin/bash
 +
export PATH=~/usr/bin:$PATH
 +
python2 /usr/local/bin/grass72
 +
 
 +
 
 +
And make it executable and copy it somewhere in the PATH
 +
 
 +
chmod+x grass
 +
sudo cp grass /usr/local/bin
 +
 
 +
 
 +
It's done, you can enjoy GRASS 7 in Arch, just type "grass" (or the name you gave to the script) in the terminal to launch it.
 +
 
 +
===== RPM SPEC files =====
 +
* [https://build.opensuse.org/package/show?package=grass&project=Application%3AGeo OpenSuSe]
 +
* [http://pkgs.fedoraproject.org/cgit/rpms/grass.git/tree/grass.spec Fedora]
 +
* ...
 +
 
 +
===== Zaurus =====
 +
 
 +
... see [http://wiki.debian.org/?GrassGISonZaurus here] for instructions
 +
 
 +
==== Mac OSX ====
 +
 
 +
===== Conventional installation =====
 +
* see the source/macosx readme ([http://trac.osgeo.org/grass/browser/grass/trunk/macosx/ReadMe.rtf Trac link])
 +
* main page [[Compiling on MacOSX]]
 +
* main page [[Packaging on MacOSX]]
 +
* [http://grass.osgeo.org/download/software/mac-osx/ official download site]
 +
* [http://www.kyngchaos.com/software/frameworks#build_scripts build scripts for dependencies]
 +
* solving errors at starting GRASS GIS: [[MacOSX GRASS errors]]
 +
=====Compiling on MacOSX using homebrew =====
 +
 
 +
* See [[Compiling on MacOSX using homebrew]]
 +
 
 +
=====Compiling on MacOSX using Fink =====
 +
 
 +
* See [[Compiling on MacOSX using Fink]]
 +
 
 +
==== FreeBSD / NetBSD ====
 +
 
 +
The recommended compiler tools are GCC, GNU make, GNU coreutils (for install), and flex. All are available through the respective package managing tools (pkg_add for FreeBSD and pkgin install for NetBSD) and for recent *BSD versions most likely installed by default.
 +
 
 +
GRASS 6.x and GRASS 7 should compile on FreeBSD 8.0 or later and NetBSD 5.0 or later (maybe also on updated NetBSD 4.x).
 +
 
 +
It is highly recommended to install GDAL/OGR and PROJ4 first. These libraries and tools are available as [http://www.freebsd.org/ports/ ports for FreeBSD] and [http://www.pkgsrc.org/ packages for NetBSD].
 +
 
 +
Optional functionality is listed with ''./configure --help'', and related libraries and tools might need to be installed first.
 +
 
 +
You then may need to edit include/Make/Platform.make and set
 +
ICONVLIB            = -liconv
 +
 
 +
==== Solaris ====
 +
 
 +
* ''2008 Oct 15'': see [http://lists.osgeo.org/pipermail/grass-user/2008-October/047093.html this post on the grass mailing list]
 +
 
 +
===== 11 SPARC/i86pc =====
 +
 
 +
The recommended compiler tools are GCC, GNU make, GNU coreutils (for install), and flex. All are available through the Solaris package manager.
 +
 
 +
Most dependencies are available through the Solaris package manager. GDAL and proj4 can either be compiled from source or installed e.g. from [http://www.opencsw.org/ OpenCSW]. If packages are installed from OpenCSW, the linker flags need to be set with
 +
 
 +
      LDFLAGS="-Wl,-R/opt/csw/lib -L/opt/csw/lib -Wl,-R/opt/csw/gxx/lib -L/opt/csw/gxx/lib"
 +
 
 +
See also the [http://www.opencsw.org/use-it/ OpenCSW documentation].
 +
 
 +
===== 10 SPARC/i86pc =====
  
 
* get gcc compiler and tools. There are several sources: Solaris Companion CD (SFW pkg, installs in /opt/sfw/), Blastwave ([http://www.blastwave.org], CSW pkg, installs in /opt/csw/) or Sunfreeware ([http://www.sunfreeware.com], SMC pkg, installs in /usr/local/).  
 
* get gcc compiler and tools. There are several sources: Solaris Companion CD (SFW pkg, installs in /opt/sfw/), Blastwave ([http://www.blastwave.org], CSW pkg, installs in /opt/csw/) or Sunfreeware ([http://www.sunfreeware.com], SMC pkg, installs in /usr/local/).  
Line 189: Line 992:
 
Be careful not to omit a library path, the system may be unusable if you forget the /lib path.
 
Be careful not to omit a library path, the system may be unusable if you forget the /lib path.
  
==== MS-Windows/Cygwin ====
+
==== AIX ====
  
... see [http://grass.itc.it/platforms/wingrass.html here] (should be moved to the Wiki)
+
A recent [ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/make/ GNU make] (>= 3.81) and GNU coreutils are required. These are available with the [http://www-03.ibm.com/systems/power/software/aix/linux/toolbox/download.html IBM AIX toolbox] or through third-party AIX software repositories, e.g. [http://www.bullfreeware.com/ bullfreeware] and [http://www.perzl.org/aix/ perzl.org]. Note that 'make' does not work, only 'gmake' works.
  
==== MS-Windows/native ====
+
General instructions to compile on AIX are e.g. [http://www.perzl.org/aix/index.php?n=Main.Instructions here]
  
See also [[WinGRASS Current Status]] for latest updates.
+
On AIX, compilation results by default in 32 bit applications and static libraries. The [http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/aix/library/au-gnu.html IBM documentation] explains how to build 64 bit applications and shared libraries with GCC.
 +
 
 +
'''GRASS 6: Using the IBM xlc compiler:'''
 +
* ''see [http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.gis.grass.user/32667 this mailing list thread]''
 +
 
 +
Mike wrote in 2009:
 +
 
 +
After attempting all the suggestions, I finally used
 +
--disable-shared on the configure command, and all but
 +
a handful of modules successfully compiled. I was able to
 +
individually address the ones that failed through Makefile
 +
edits and several small source code/header file edits.
 +
 
 +
The environment variables and configure command that worked were:
 +
<pre>
 +
# xlc compiler:
 +
export PATH=/usr/local/bin:/opt/freeware/bin:$PATH
 +
export OBJECT_MODE=64
 +
export LIBICONV=/opt/freeware
 +
export CC="xlc_r -q64"
 +
export CFLAGS="-O -qstrict"
 +
export CXX="xlC_r -q64"
 +
export CXXFLAGS="-O -qstrict"
 +
export AR="ar -X64"
 +
export F77="xlf_r -q64"
 +
export CPPFLAGS="-I/afs/isis/pkg/libpng/include -I/usr/local/include -I$LIBICONV/include -I/usr/lpp/X11/include/X11"
 +
export LDFLAGS="-L/usr/local/lib -L$LIBICONV/lib -L/usr/lib -L/usr/X11R6/lib -lc"
 +
 
 +
./configure --prefix=/afs/isis/pkg/grass-6.4.0 \
 +
  --enable-64bit \
 +
  --disable-shared \
 +
  --with-includes="/usr/include/fontconfig /usr/include/X11 /usr/include/X11/Xft /usr/include/X11/ext" \
 +
  --x-includes=/usr/include/X11 \
 +
  --x-libraries=/usr/X11R6/lib \
 +
  --with-fftw-includes=/afs/isis/pkg/fftw-3.2.2/include \
 +
  --with-fftw-libs=/afs/isis/pkg/fftw-3.2.2/lib \
 +
  --with-gdal=/afs/isis/pkg/gdal/bin/gdal-config \
 +
  --with-proj-includes=/afs/isis/pkg/proj/include \
 +
  --with-proj-libs=/afs/isis/pkg/proj/lib \
 +
  --with-proj-share=/afs/isis/pkg/proj/share/proj \
 +
  --with-tcltk-includes=/usr/local/include \
 +
  --with-tcltk-libs=/usr/local/lib \
 +
  --with-opengl-includes=/usr/include/GL
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
'''GRASS 7: Using the IBM xlc compiler:'''
 +
 
 +
Get and install (in this order):
 +
* [ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/tar/ GNU tar]
 +
* [ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/make/ GNU make] (>= 3.81)
 +
* [http://www.sqlite.org SQLite]
 +
* [http://trac.osgeo.org/proj/ PROJ.4] (for ./configure parameters, see [[Talk:Compile and Install|here]])
 +
* [http://www.gdal.org GDAL] (for ./configure parameters, see [[Talk:Compile and Install|here]])
 +
* [http://grass.osgeo.org/grass74/source/snapshot/ GRASS GIS 7]
 +
 
 +
The environment variables and configure command that worked:
 +
<pre>
 +
## AIX 5.x
 +
 
 +
export LIBPATH=/opt/freeware/lib64:/opt/freeware/lib
 +
# make 'ar' happy
 +
export OBJECT_MODE=64
 +
 
 +
PREFIX=$HOME/private/bin
 +
./configure \
 +
  --prefix=$PREFIX \
 +
  --disable-shared \
 +
  --enable-largefile \
 +
  --with-cxx \
 +
  --with-proj-includes=$PREFIX/include/ \
 +
  --with-proj-libs=$PREFIX/lib/ \
 +
  --with-proj-share=$PREFIX/share/proj/ \
 +
  --with-sqlite \
 +
  --with-sqlite-includes=$PREFIX/include/ \
 +
  --with-sqlite-libs=$PREFIX/lib/ \
 +
  --with-tiff=no \
 +
  --with-png=no \
 +
  --with-fftw=no \
 +
  --with-cairo=no \
 +
  --with-freetype=no
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
'''GRASS 7: Using the GNU gcc compiler:'''
 +
 
 +
Get and install (in this order):
 +
* if needed, [ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/tar/ GNU tar]
 +
* if needed (the name is often 'gmake' and not 'make') [ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/make/ GNU make] (>= 3.81)
 +
* [http://www.sqlite.org SQLite]
 +
* [http://trac.osgeo.org/proj/ PROJ.4] (for ./configure parameters, see [[Talk:Compile and Install|here]])
 +
* [http://www.gdal.org GDAL] (for ./configure parameters, see [[Talk:Compile and Install|here]])
 +
* [http://grass.osgeo.org/grass74/source/snapshot/ GRASS GIS 7]
 +
 
 +
The environment variables and configure command that worked for AIX 5.x:
 +
<pre>
 +
## AIX 5.x
  
For this, you need MinGW and MSys, including gcc, g++, binutils, flex, bison, make, and pdcurses, all from:
+
export LIBPATH=/opt/freeware/lib64:/opt/freeware/lib
http://www.mingw.org/download.shtml
+
# make 'ar' happy
 +
export OBJECT_MODE=64
  
You also need this version of the XDR library:
+
PREFIX=$HOME/private/bin
http://wiki.qgis.org/qgiswiki/BuildingWindowsBinaryOnLinux?action=AttachFile&do=get&target=xdr-4.0-mingw2.tar.gz
+
CFLAGS='-ansi -D_ALL_SOURCE=1 -D_POSIX_SOURCE=1 -D_POSIX_C_SOURCE=200809L -Dinline=' ./configure \
 +
  --prefix=$PREFIX \
 +
  --disable-shared \
 +
  --enable-largefile \
 +
  --with-cxx \
 +
  --with-proj-includes=$PREFIX/include/ \
 +
  --with-proj-libs=$PREFIX/lib/ \
 +
  --with-proj-share=$PREFIX/share/proj/ \
 +
  --with-sqlite \
 +
  --with-sqlite-includes=$PREFIX/include/ \
 +
  --with-sqlite-libs=$PREFIX/lib/ \
 +
  --with-tiff=no \
 +
  --with-png=no \
 +
  --with-fftw=no \
 +
  --with-cairo=no \
 +
  --with-freetype=no
 +
</pre>
  
The above is a stripped-down version of the Sun RPC library, which only includes the XDR [de]serialisation code, with the networking code removed.
+
The environment variables and configure command that worked for AIX 7.x:
 +
<pre>
 +
## AIX 7.x
 +
export CC="gcc"
 +
export CXX="g++"
 +
PREFIX=$HOME/bin
  
You will first need to build and install zlib, PNG, PROJ, GDAL and the above XDR library. Then, building GRASS is similar to building it on Linux, except that you need to disable most of the optional features (including the use of shared libraries).
+
LDFLAGS="-Wl,-bsvr4,-R,/opt/freeware/lib -L/opt/freeware/lib" CPPFLAGS="-I/opt/freeware/include" ./configure \
 +
  --prefix=$PREFIX \
 +
  --enable-largefile \
 +
  --enable-shared \
 +
  --with-includes=/opt/freeware/include --with-libs=/opt/freeware/lib \
 +
  --with-cxx \
 +
  --with-proj-includes=$PREFIX/include/ \
 +
  --with-proj-libs=$PREFIX/lib/ \
 +
  --with-proj-share=$PREFIX/share/proj/ \
 +
  --with-gdal=$PREFIX/bin/gdal-config \
 +
  --with-sqlite \
 +
  --with-sqlite-libs=$PREFIX/lib --with-sqlite-includes=$PREFIX/include \
 +
  --with-png=no \
 +
  --with-tiff=no \
 +
  --with-fftw=no \
 +
  --with-cairo=no \
 +
  --with-opengl=no \
 +
  --with-freetype=no
 +
</pre>
  
Aside: it might encourage more people to work on the Windows version if the GRASS site contained binary versions of the necessary libraries. Having to build XDR, PROJ, GDAL, zlib, PNG, Tcl/Tk and possibly other stuff from source before you can start to compile GRASS is a major nuisance.
+
==== MS-Windows ====
  
... or see [http://wiki.qgis.org/qgiswiki/BuildingWindowsBinaryOnLinux here incl. QGIS compilation] (with MinGW)
+
===== MS-Windows/Cygwin =====
  
==== Mac OSX ====
+
* See the [[Cygwin]] wiki pages
  
... see [http://grass.itc.it/platforms/macgrass.php here] for instructions
+
===== MS-Windows/native =====
  
... [[Compiling on MacOSX|or this other way]]
+
====== Compile ======
  
==== Zaurus====
+
* [http://trac.osgeo.org/grass/wiki/CompileOnWindows GRASS Windows Native Binary Building Guide] (GRASS 6.4.x + 7.x)
 +
* <strike>[http://www.webalice.it/marco.pasetti/grass/BuildFromSource.html GRASS Windows Native Binary Building Guide] (GRASS 6.3.x) </strike>
 +
* See/adapt [http://blog.qgis.org/node/124 idea] for unattended install of QGIS (et al) from [http://trac.osgeo.org/osgeo4w/ OSGeo4W] from the QuantumGIS Blog.
  
... see [http://wiki.debian.org/?GrassGISonZaurus here] for instructions
+
See also [[WinGRASS Current Status]] for latest updates.
  
 
=== Common problems and solutions ===
 
=== Common problems and solutions ===
Line 228: Line 1,167:
 
** this suggests that you don't have the X headers installed
 
** this suggests that you don't have the X headers installed
 
** Solution: Install the libx11-dev package
 
** Solution: Install the libx11-dev package
 +
 +
* error:  g.list: error while loading shared libraries: libgdal1.6.0.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
 +
** this error appears in the shell right after the user clicks GUI's "Start GRASS" button. The GUI shows an error about geographic extent and gets closed afterwards.
 +
** It happens when you launch bin.i686 executable on 64bit system. Be careful and choose the right architecture.
 +
 +
 +
=== Static compilation ===
 +
 +
In order to get static rather than dynamically linked binaries, configure like this:
 +
 +
  ./configure --disable-shared --enable-static
 +
 +
This will however break the wxGUI and GRASS 7 completely because "ctypes" wants to link against shared libs, or there is something in the static libs that "ctypes" does not like.
 +
 +
=== Optimization ===
 +
 +
GCC and other compilers support [http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-4.3.3/gcc/Optimize-Options.html#Optimize-Options optimization]
 +
 +
If you would like to set compiler optimisations, for a possibly faster binary, type (don't enter a ";" anywhere):
 +
 +
        CFLAGS=-O ./configure
 +
or,
 +
        setenv CFLAGS -O
 +
        ./configure
 +
 +
whichever works on your shell. Use -O2 instead of -O if your compiler supports this (note: O is the letter, not zero). Using the "gcc" compiler, you can also specify processor specific flags (examples, please suggest better settings to us):
 +
 +
  CFLAGS="-mcpu=athlon -O2" # AMD Athlon processor with code optimisations
 +
  CFLAGS="-march=amdfam10"  # AMD Phenom II X4 64bit processor with gcc >=4.3
 +
  CFLAGS="-mcpu=pentium"    # Intel Pentium processor
 +
  CFLAGS="-mcpu=pentium4"  # Intel Pentium4 processor
 +
  CFLAGS="-O2 -msse -msse2 -mfpmath=sse -minline-all-stringops" # Intel XEON 64bit processor
 +
  CFLAGS="-mtune=nocona -m64 -minline-all-stringops"            # Intel Pentium 64bit processor
 +
 +
 +
To find out optional CFLAGS for your platform, enter:
 +
  gcc -dumpspecs
 +
 +
See also: http://gcc.gnu.org/
 +
 +
A real fast GRASS version (and small binaries) will be created with LDFLAGS set to "stripping" (but this disables debugging):
 +
 +
  CFLAGS="-O2 -mcpu=<cpu_see_above> -Wall" LDFLAGS="-s" ./configure
  
 
=== Configure options and their meanings ===
 
=== Configure options and their meanings ===
Line 248: Line 1,230:
 
  Motif library, e.g. Lesstif or OpenMotif).
 
  Motif library, e.g. Lesstif or OpenMotif).
 
  [http://grass.itc.it/pipermail/grassuser/2006-December/037475.html Glynn Clements at GRASS-user mailing list]
 
  [http://grass.itc.it/pipermail/grassuser/2006-December/037475.html Glynn Clements at GRASS-user mailing list]
 +
 +
=== Parallelized compilation on multi-core CPUs ===
 +
 +
You can dramatically accelerate the compilation of the GRASS code with the -j flag of "make" if you have a multi-core CPU system. This determines the maximum number of jobs to have running at once, so cores don't have to sit idle waiting for jobs on other cores to complete. A good rule of thumb for this value is <tt>number_of_cores * 1.5</tt>, but note that setting any higher than the actual number of cores will only affect the timing slightly. For example, on a dual-core processor:
 +
  make -j 4
 +
 +
<!-- CFLAGS="-pipe" doesn't seem to help much -->
 +
 +
== GRASS-GDAL plugin ==
 +
 +
* see [[Compile and install GRASS and QGIS with GDAL/OGR Plugin]]
 +
 +
== Addons ==
 +
 +
Please note that the installation of [[AddOns/GRASS_6|Addons]] can be easily done with the {{cmd|g.extension}} manager. The compile instructions below are aiming at own development.
 +
 +
=== Compiled modules ===
 +
 +
This is the general way which works for C modules as well as scripts (Python or Shell/Bash modules) which has HTML documentation.
 +
 +
'''Requirements:'''
 +
 +
Either:
 +
* a binary GRASS package, or
 +
* source code which has been prepared with:
 +
    ./configure [opionally flags]
 +
    make libs
 +
 +
Each of the [[GRASS_AddOns|addon]] modules should come with a Makefile. To compile it, just run:
 +
    make MODULE_TOPDIR=/path/to/grass64/
 +
 +
Note that the <tt>/path/to/grass64</tt> has to be absolute, not relative.
 +
 +
If using Bash it may be useful to set that up as an alias:
 +
    alias gmake64='make MODULE_TOPDIR=/path/to/grass64/'
 +
 +
Installation (perhaps requires "sudo"):
 +
    make MODULE_TOPDIR=/path/to/grass64/ install
 +
 +
Note: Compiled addons may require a re-compilation if you changed/updated your GRASS standard binaries.
 +
 +
==== If binary comes with a -dev package ====
 +
 +
''(work in progress, this text states how it eventually will be :)''
 +
Nowadays one does not need to the source code, nor compiling GRASS by oneself to be able to add add-ons. On Debian, you can just install the grass-dev package and then run:
 +
make MODULE_TOPDIR=/usr/lib/grass64/ INST_DIR=/usr/lib/grass64/
 +
 +
The grass-dev package essentially provides GRASS's <tt>include</tt> header files and Make configuration files.
 +
 +
=== Scripts ===
 +
 +
If the addon module is a script, it is sufficient to copy it into the (GRASS binaries) path somewhere. Alternatively, install addons into a separate GRASS addons binaries/scripts directory which is easier to maintain. It avoids getting clobbered every time you reinstall GRASS. To use these separately stored scripts, set and export the GRASS_ADDON_PATH environment variable before starting GRASS and it will automatically be added to the module search path (see the {{cmd|variables}} help page). To simplify this, do for example:
 +
 +
# add in $HOME/.bashrc:
 +
GRASS_ADDON_PATH=/usr/local/grass/addons/
 +
export GRASS_ADDON_PATH
 +
 +
Make sure that the script is executable, then just call it in GRASS typing the filename. Python scripts need to be called writing the extension as well, like:
 +
 +
GRASS 6.5.svn (spearfish60):~ > v.krige.py
  
 
[[Category:Development]]
 
[[Category:Development]]
 
[[Category:Documentation]]
 
[[Category:Documentation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]

Latest revision as of 05:19, 10 October 2019


Disclaimer: This page explains how to turn the GRASS GIS source code into an installable binary package ("compilation") for different operating systems. If you just want to get ready-to-use binaries, go here, otherwise read on...

How to do compilation and installation of GRASS GIS?

Here we explain the procedure to compile GRASS from GitHub, but it also applies to official GRASS 7 releases.

For installation of precompiled binary packages, see the main Installation Guide.

For detailed information on compilation, please see the INSTALL file in the source code.

Prerequisites

Extra libraries

GRASS GIS needs at least two extra libraries: PROJ and GDAL/OGR. It is recommended to download them as ready-to-use packages for your software platform (Linux distribution, Windows, Mac...).

Other libraries needed to run GRASS are listed on the requirements page.

To compile, you will also need the respective "-devel" packages; see below for details.

Download GRASS GIS source code

First, download the GRASS GIS source code.

Generic Compilation and installation procedure

  • It is wise that compilation processes are carried out as a normal user: If you want to get the source code in a place where you do not have write permissions (e.g. in /usr/local/src/) just follow this:
     cd /usr/local/src/ 
     su -c 'mkdir grass7'
     su -c 'chown yourlogin:yourgroup grass7'

Otherwise if you have permissions just continue as a normal user:

     mkdir $HOME/src
     cd $HOME/src/
     git clone https://github.com/OSGeo/grass.git grass_master
  • run configure with parameters to adapt the compile process to your own system. To see what options can be passed to it, run:
./configure --help | less 


It may (!) look like this:

     ./configure \
         --with-cxx \
         --with-sqlite \
         --with-python \
         --with-geos \
         --with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
         --with-cairo --with-cairo-ldflags=-lfontconfig \
         --with-freetype \
         --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
         --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj

You may have to explicitly state the path for certain packages (i.e., gdal). The Unix 'locate' command will come in handy for finding the path of the package you need (you may have to run locate as root ex: sudo locate gdal-config).

Please note that the paths mentioned may widely vary due to the distribution used. See Platform Specific Notes below.

Depending on your needs it may be a good idea to include debugging hooks.

See GRASS_Debugging#Compile_Time_Setup.
CFLAGS="-ggdb -Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration" ./configure ...


At the end of configuration process you should get report not much different from this:

 GRASS is now configured for:  x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
 
 Source directory:           /home/user/software/grass_master
 Build directory:            /home/user/software/grass_master
 Installation directory:     ${prefix}/grass79
 Startup script in directory:${exec_prefix}/bin
 C compiler:                 gcc -O2 -march=native -std=gnu99 -fexceptions -fstack-protector -m64 -fdiagnostics-color 
 C++ compiler:               c++ -g -Wall
 Building shared libraries:  yes
 OpenGL platform:            X11
 
 MacOSX application:         no
 MacOSX architectures:       
 MacOSX SDK:                 
 
 BLAS support:               yes
 BZIP2 support:              no
 C++ support:                yes
 Cairo support:              yes
 DWG support:                no
 FFTW support:               yes
 FreeType support:           yes
 GDAL support:               yes
 GEOS support:               yes
 [...]
  • Let's compile it (takes a little while...)!
     make -j2
  • At the end, you should get report not much different from this:
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Following modules are missing the 'description.html' file in src code:
----------------------------------------------------------------------
GRASS GIS compilation log
-------------------------
Started compilation: Mon 19 Aug 2019 10:47:57 PM CEST
--
Errors in:
No errors detected.
--
Finished compilation: Mon 19 Aug 2019 10:55:12 PM CEST
(In case of errors please change into the directory with error and run 'make')
  • If there is any error, change directory to directory with error and run "make" again. Report occurring bug to GRASS mailing list
  • Once the installation process is finished, you're ready to install GRASS system wide.
     su -c 'make install'
  • enjoy GRASS:
     grass79

What else?

If you want to use QGIS, then also compile the GRASS-GDAL/OGR plugin. This is also useful to access your GRASS-data from other application using GDAL/OGR like thuban.

Compile and install GDAL-GRASS plugin

Platform Specific Notes

Linux

Linux comes in various flavours, i.e. distributions.

Distribution related packaging
Debian
  • Official DebianGIS packaging control files, available on git server:
 git://git.debian.org/git/pkg-grass/grass.git
 http://anonscm.debian.org/cgit/pkg-grass/grass.git/
GRASS 6.1 on Debian Sarge
GRASS 6.4 on Debian Lenny

Install needed packages:

 apt-get install flex bison libreadline-dev libncurses5-dev lesstif2-dev debhelper dpatch libtiff4-dev \
         tcl-dev tk-dev libfftw3-dev libxmu-dev libfreetype6-dev autoconf2.13 autotools-dev doxygen \
         libmysqlclient15-dev graphviz libsqlite3-dev python-wxgtk2.8 libcairo2-dev libwxgtk2.8-dev \
         python-dev libgdal1-dev  libgdal1-1.5.0 libproj-dev libproj0 proj-bin proj-data mysql
  1. Important: avoid using CFLAGS="... -Werror-implicit-function-declaration" (also on later Debian versions), see trac #1684

Configure:

 ./configure \
 --with-cxx \
 --with-sqlite \
 --with-postgres --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/postgresql \
 --with-mysql --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql --with-mysql-libs=/usr/lib/mysql \
 --with-odbc \
 --with-cairo \
 --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
 --with-tcltk-includes=/usr/include/tcl8.4/ \
 --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 --with-motif --with-fftw --with-nls --with-python \
 --with-x --x-libraries=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu

Compile:

 make

Install:

 sudo make install
GRASS 6.4 on Debian Jessie

Install needed packages:

 apt-get install flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 autotools-dev \
   python-dev g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev tcl-dev tk-dev \
   libfreetype6-dev libgdal1h libgdal1-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev \
   libncurses5-dev libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev libtiff5-dev \
   libwxgtk3.0-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxt-dev mesa-common-dev \
   libproj-dev proj-bin proj-data python-numpy python-wxgtk3.0 subversion wx-common zlib1g-dev \
   netcdf-bin libnetcdf-dev libatlas-dev libgegl-dev doxygen postgresql mysql-server \
   libgeotiff-dev libblas-dev libgeotiff-epsg libxmu-dev libxt-dev libx11-dev
  1. Important: avoid using CFLAGS="... -Werror-implicit-function-declaration" (also on later Debian versions), see trac #1684

Configure:

 ./configure \
 --with-cxx \
 --with-sqlite \
 --with-postgres \
 --with-odbc \
 --with-cairo \
 --with-geos \
 --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
 --with-tcltk-includes=/usr/include/tcl8.6/ \
 --with-mysql --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql --with-mysql-libs=/usr/lib/mysql \
 --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 --with-motif \
 --with-fftw \
 --with-nls \
 --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/postgresql \
 --with-python \
 --with-x --x-libraries=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu

Compile:

 make

Install:

 sudo make install
GRASS 7 on Debian Squeeze

Install needed packages:

apt-get install flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 autotools-dev python-dev \
    g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev libfreetype6-dev \
    libgdal1 libgdal1-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev \
    libncurses5-dev libproj-dev libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev libtiff4-dev \
    libwxgtk2.8-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxt-dev mesa-common-dev \
    proj-bin proj-data python-numpy python-wxgtk2.8 subversion wx-common zlib1g-dev

Download source code:

svn checkout https://svn.osgeo.org/grass/grass/trunk grass_trunk

Configure:

cd grass_trunk/
CFLAGS="-Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration -fno-common -Wextra -Wunused" \
CXXFLAGS="-Wall"  \
 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local \
 --with-gdal --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share \
 --with-glw --with-nls --with-readline \
 --without-tcltk \
 --with-cxx \
 --enable-largefile \
 --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 --with-sqlite \
 --with-cairo --with-python=/usr/bin/python2.6-config --with-wxwidgets \
 --with-geos --with-pthread

Compile:

 make

Install:

 sudo make install  # installs as /usr/local/bin/grass72
GRASS 7 on Debian Wheezy

Install needed packages:

# note: cmake and libboost-all-dev only needed for optional libLAS
sudo apt-get install cmake libboost-all-dev

sudo apt-get install flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 autotools-dev \
  python-dev g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev libfreetype6-dev \
  libgdal1 libgdal1-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev libncurses5-dev libproj-dev \
  libreadline-dev libtiff4-dev libwxgtk2.8-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers \
  libxt-dev mesa-common-dev proj-bin proj-data python-numpy python-wxgtk2.8 subversion wx-common \
  zlib1g-dev netcdf-bin libatlas-dev libgegl-dev opencl-headers ocl-icd-libopencl1 \
  libsqlite3-dev postgresql python-sphinx python-gdal

Download and Install libLAS

wget http://download.osgeo.org/liblas/libLAS-1.7.0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf libLAS-1.7.0.tar.gz
cd libLAS-1.7.0/
mkdir makefiles
cd makefiles
cmake -G "Unix Makefiles" ../
make
sudo make install
sudo ldconfig
cd ../..

Download of GRASS GIS 7 source code:

wget http://grass.osgeo.org/grass78/source/grass-7.8.0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf grass-7.8.0.tar.gz

Configure:

cd grass-7.0.0
CFLAGS="-g -Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration -fno-common -Wextra -Wunused" CXXFLAGS="-g -Wall" \
./configure \
   --prefix=/usr/local \
   --with-gdal \
   --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share \
   --with-glw --with-nls --with-readline \
   --with-cxx --enable-largefile \
   --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
   --with-sqlite --with-cairo --with-python=/usr/bin/python-config \
   --with-wxwidgets --with-geos --with-blas \
   --with-lapack-includes=/usr/lib/lapack --with-liblas=yes \
   --with-netcdf=/usr/bin/nc-config --with-odbc=yes \
   --with-openmp=yes --with-pthread=yes --with-postgres=yes \
   --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/postgresql \
   --with-postgres-libs=/usr/lib/postgresql

#     --with-mysql=yes --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql \
#    --with-mysql-libs=/usr/lib/mysql \

GRASS GIS 7 is now configured (example):

 Source directory:           /home/user/grass-7.0.0
 Build directory:            /home/user/grass-7.0.0
 Installation directory:     ${prefix}/grass-7.0.0
 Startup script in directory:${exec_prefix}/bin
 C compiler:                 gcc -g -Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration -fno-common -Wextra -Wunused 
 C++ compiler:               c++ -g -Wall
 Building shared libraries:  yes
 OpenGL platform:            X11
 MacOSX application:         no
 MacOSX architectures:       
 MacOSX SDK:                 
 BLAS support:               yes
 C++ support:                yes
 Cairo support:              yes
 DWG support:                no
 FFTW support:               yes
 FreeType support:           yes
 GDAL support:               yes
 GEOS support:               yes
 LAPACK support:             no
 Large File support (LFS):   yes
 libLAS support:             yes
 MySQL support:              no
 NetCDF support:             yes
 NLS support:                yes
 ODBC support:               yes
 OGR support:                yes
 OpenCL support:             no
 OpenGL support:             yes
 OpenMP support:             yes
 PNG support:                yes
 POSIX thread support:       yes
 PostgreSQL support:         yes
 Readline support:           yes
 Regex support:              yes
 SQLite support:             yes
 TIFF support:               yes
 wxWidgets support:          yes
 X11 support:                no

Compile:

make -j2

Install:

sudo make install   # installs as /usr/local/bin/grass70

Launch:

grass70
GRASS 7 on Debian Jessie

Install needed packages:

sudo apt-get install cmake libboost-all-dev flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 \
   autotools-dev python-dev g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev \
   libfreetype6-dev libgdal1h libgdal1-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev \
   libncurses5-dev libproj-dev libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev libtiff5-dev \
   libwxgtk3.0-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxt-dev mesa-common-dev \
   proj-bin proj-data python-numpy python-wxgtk3.0 subversion wx-common zlib1g-dev \
   netcdf-bin libnetcdf-dev libgegl-dev  doxygen python-sphinx \
   postgresql libgeotiff-dev libblas-dev mysql-server \
   libatlas-dev liblapack3gf liblapack-dev
   # opencl-headers ocl-icd-libopencl1   liblas-bin liblas-c-dev python-gdal

Download and compile libLAS (or simply install 'liblas-c-dev ', see above):

wget http://download.osgeo.org/liblas/libLAS-1.8.0.tar.bz2
tar xjf libLAS-1.8.0.tar.bz2
mkdir libLAS-1.8.0/makefiles
cd libLAS-1.8.0/makefiles
cmake -G "Unix Makefiles" ../
make
sudo make install

Download and compile GRASS 7:

# (check there for later version)
wget http://grass.osgeo.org/grass74/source/grass-7.4.0.tar.gz
tar xzfv grass-7.4.0.tar.gz
cd grass-7.4.0
CFLAGS="-g -Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration -fno-common -Wextra -Wunused" \
CXXFLAGS="-g -Wall"  \
./configure \
   --prefix=/usr/local \
   --with-gdal --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share \
   --with-glw --with-nls --with-readline \
   --with-cxx --enable-largefile \
   --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
   --with-sqlite --with-cairo --with-python=/usr/bin/python-config \
   --with-wxwidgets --with-geos \
   --with-blas --with-blas-includes=/usr/include/atlas/ \
   --with-lapack --with-lapack-includes=/usr/include/atlas/ \
   --with-netcdf=/usr/bin/nc-config --with-odbc=yes \
   --with-openmp=yes --with-pthread=no --with-postgres=yes \
   --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/postgresql \
   --with-postgres-libs=/usr/lib/postgresql \
   --with-mysql=yes --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql \
   --with-mysql-libs=/usr/lib/mysql
make -j2

Install:

sudo make install  # installs as /usr/local/bin/grass74
GRASS 7 on Debian Stretch

(Updated from above with package changes required for Debian Stretch)

Install needed packages for GRASS 7.2 - 7.6:

 apt-get install cmake libboost-all-dev flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 autotools-dev \
   python-dev g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev libfreetype6-dev libgdal20 \
   libgdal-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev libncurses5-dev libproj-dev libreadline-dev \
   libsqlite3-dev libtiff5-dev libwxgtk3.0-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxt-dev mesa-common-dev \
   proj-bin proj-data python-numpy python-wxgtk3.0 python-wxtools wx-common zlib1g-dev netcdf-bin \
   libnetcdf-dev libgegl-dev  doxygen python-sphinx postgresql libgeotiff-dev libblas-dev \
   mariadb-server libatlas-dev liblapack3 liblapack-dev opencl-headers ocl-icd-libopencl1 \
   subversion liblas-bin liblas-c-dev python-gdal libpdal-dev libpdal-plugin-python pdal

Install needed packages for GRASS 7.8+ (Python 3 support!):

 apt-get install cmake libboost-all-dev flex bison debhelper dpatch autoconf2.13 autotools-dev \
   g++ gcc gettext graphviz libcairo2-dev libfftw3-dev libfreetype6-dev libgdal20 python3-dev \
   libgdal-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libglw1-mesa-dev libproj-dev libreadline-dev libgeos-c1v5 \
   libsqlite3-dev libtiff5-dev libwxgtk3.0-dev libxmu-dev libxmu-headers libxt-dev mesa-common-dev \
   proj-bin proj-data python3-numpy python3-six wx-common zlib1g-dev netcdf-bin \
   libnetcdf-dev libgegl-dev  doxygen python3-sphinx postgresql libgeotiff-dev libblas-dev \
   libatlas-dev liblapack3 liblapack-dev opencl-headers ocl-icd-libopencl1 \
   subversion liblas-bin liblas-c-dev python3-gdal libpdal-dev libpdal-plugin-python pdal
   
   # ? python3-wxgtk4.0 libmariadb

Download and unpack source code or fetch from GitHub: https://github.com/OSGeo/grass

Configuration:

 CFLAGS="-Wall -Werror-implicit-function-declaration -fno-common -Wextra -Wunused" \
 CXXFLAGS="-Wall"  \
 ./configure \
  --prefix=/usr/local \
  --with-gdal --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share \
  --with-glw --with-nls --with-readline \
  --with-cxx --enable-largefile \
  --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
  --with-sqlite --with-cairo --with-python=/usr/bin/python-config \
  --with-wxwidgets --with-geos \
  --with-blas --with-blas-includes=/usr/include/atlas/ \
  --with-lapack --with-lapack-includes=/usr/include/atlas/ \
  --with-netcdf=/usr/bin/nc-config --with-odbc=yes \
  --with-openmp=yes --with-pthread=no --with-postgres=yes \
  --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/postgresql \
  --with-postgres-libs=/usr/lib/postgresql \
  --with-mysql=yes --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql

Compile:

 make -j2

Install:

 make install
Ubuntu

There is a dedicated page on how to Compile the GRASS GIS source code & install it in Ubuntu.

Linux Mint

The detailed compilation guide for Ubuntu may just work. Here is a short guide for Mint:

# installation of required libraries and compile tools
sudo apt-get install\
 build-essential flex make bison gcc libgcc1 g++ cmake ccache \
 python python-dev python-opengl python-wxversion python-wxtools python-wxgtk3.0 python-dateutil \
 libgsl-dev python-numpy wx3.0-headers wx-common libwxgtk3.0-dev libwxbase3.0-dev \
 libncurses5-dev zlib1g-dev gettext libtiff5-dev libpnglite-dev libcairo2 libcairo2-dev \
 sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev libpq-dev libreadline6 libreadline6-dev libfreetype6-dev \
 libfftw3-3 libfftw3-dev libboost-thread-dev libboost-program-options-dev \
 liblas-c-dev resolvconf libjasper-dev subversion libav-tools libavutil-dev \
 ffmpeg2theora libffmpegthumbnailer-dev libavcodec-dev libxmu-dev libavformat-dev \
 libswscale-dev checkinstall libglu1-mesa-dev libxmu-dev ghostscript

Next steps:

  • download GRASS GIS source code (e.g. take the "Weekly 7.x-svn snapshot")
  • unpack source code, change into the source code directory
# now "configure" stop to prepare for compilation
CFLAGS="-Wall" ./configure  \
 --with-cxx  --with-gdal \
 --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj/ \
 --with-geos  --without-postgres \
 --with-nls  --with-opengl-includes=/usr/include/GL/ \
 --with-fftw  --with-freetype \
 --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2  --with-sqlite \
 --with-python=/usr/bin/python2.7-config  --with-wx=/usr/bin/wx-config \
 --with-wxwidgets  --with-cairo  --enable-largefile

# compile GRASS GIS
make -j2

# install compiled GRASS GIS on system
sudo make install
Mandriva

Installation of dependencies (urpmi will ask you a few more):

Mandriva 2009: (take out the '64' everywhere if you are on 32bit)

 # as root
   urpmi flex bison zlib-devel tiff-devel png-devel tcl-devel tk-devel sqlite3-devel \
         mesagl1-devel mesaglu1-devel lib64xmu6-devel gcc-c++ gettext \
         lib64wxgtk2.8 lib64wxgtk2.8-devel lib64wxgtkgl2.8 wxgtk2.8 \
         lib64wxPythonGTK2.8 lib64wxPythonGTK2.8-devel wxPythonGTK wxPythonGTK-wxversion
   exit

Mandriva 2010: (take out the '64' everywhere if you are on 32bit) - see also SPEC file

 # as root
   # installation of PROJ and GDAL
   urpmi proj proj-devel gdal gdal-devel gcc-gfortran lib64openssl1.0.0 \
         lib64openssl1.0.0-devel postgresql8.4-devel lib64pq8.4

   # installation of compilation environment
   urpmi flex bison zlib-devel tiff-devel png-devel tcl-devel tk-devel sqlite3-devel \
         lib64mesagl1-devel lib64mesaglu1-devel lib64xmu6-devel gcc-c++ gettext \
         lib64wxgtk2.8 lib64wxgtk2.8-devel lib64wxgtkgl2.8 wxgtk2.8 \
         lib64wxPythonGTK2.8 lib64wxPythonGTK2.8-devel wxPythonGTK wxPythonGTK-wxversion
   exit

Then, to configure GRASS, run (64 bit stuff optional of course):

 #  as user
 ./configure \
   --enable-64bit --with-libs=/usr/lib64 \
   --with-cxx \
   --with-gdal=/usr/local/bin/gdal-config \
   --with-sqlite \
   --with-nls \
   --with-python \
   --with-wxwidgets=/usr/lib/wxPython/bin/wx-config \
   --with-fftw \
   --with-ffmpeg --with-ffmpeg-includes="/usr/include/libav* /usr/include/libpostproc /usr/include/libswscale" \
   --with-motif \
   --with-mysql --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql --with-mysql-libs=/usr/lib64 \
   --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
   --enable-largefile
  # compilation (use -j2 ior -j4 parameter on multi-core CPUs to accelerate):   
   make

Installation:

   su
   # this will install into /usr/local/
   make install
   exit
Enterprise Linux

Enterprise Linux (EL) and derivatives (that is, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS and Scientific Linux) is a popular and robust platform for servers and computing-heavy workstations, and is therefore a good fit for GIS specific requirements.

See: http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Enterprise_Linux_GIS

Scientific Linux

See Centos

CentOS

You first need to add the EPEL repository for PROJ.4 and GDAL, see here

Preparation Centos 5 (old):

 yum install epel-release

 # Note: CentOS 5 comes with Python 2.4 which lacks python-config, hence two extra tweaks are needed.
 yum install flex bison zlib-devel tcl-devel tk-devel gcc-c++ gettext \
             libtiff-devel libpng-devel sqlite-devel \
             mesa-libGL-devel mesa-libGLU-devel mesa-libGLw-devel \
             mesa-libOSMesa-devel libXmu-devel python-devel gtk2-devel\
             ncurses-devel postgresql-devel make

Preparation Centos 6 | Scientific Linux 6:

 yum install epel-release

 yum install flex bison make zlib-devel gcc-c++ gettext \
             sqlite-devel mesa-libGL-devel mesa-libGLU-devel \
             libXmu-devel libX11-devel fftw-devel libtiff-devel \
             lesstif-devel python-devel numpy wxPython wxGTK-devel \
             proj proj-devel proj-epsg proj-nad libxml2 gdal gdal-devel geos geos-devel \
             python-dateutil python-imaging python-matplotlib python-argparse
 # only GRASS GIS 6: install also tcl-devel tk-devel

Preparation Centos 7 | Scientific Linux 7:

 yum install epel-release

 yum install flex bison make zlib-devel gcc-c++ gettext \
             sqlite-devel mesa-libGL-devel mesa-libGLU-devel \
             libXmu-devel libX11-devel fftw-devel libtiff-devel \
             lesstif-devel python-devel numpy wxPython wxGTK-devel \
             proj proj-devel proj-epsg proj-nad libxml2 gdal gdal-devel geos geos-devel \
             netcdf netcdf-devel blas-devel lapack-devel atlas-devel \
             python-dateutil python-imaging python-matplotlib python-sphinx \
             doxygen subversion

GRASS GIS 7 compilation and installation

Download source code (e.g., --> "Download latest 7.4-svn code)" and configure GRASS 7 (suggestion: save this as script):

./configure \
 --with-cxx \
 --enable-largefile \
 --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
 --with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
 --with-sqlite \
 --with-python \
 --with-cairo --with-cairo-ldflags=-lfontconfig \
 --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
 --with-wxwidgets=/usr/bin/wx-config \
 --with-openmp \
 --with-blas --with-blas-includes=/usr/include/atlas-x86_64-base/ \
 --with-lapack --with-lapack-includes=/usr/include/atlas-x86_64-base/ \
 --with-fftw \
 --with-geos \
 --with-netcdf \
 --without-ffmpeg \
 --without-mysql \
 --without-postgres \
 --without-odbc \
 --without-fftw

Compile:

   make

or on a multicore system (number depends of available cores):

   make -j4

For a system wide installation, run as root user:

   make install

OR simply run it directly from the source code directory (substitute ARCH with i686 or x86_64):

   bin.$ARCH/grass74 -gui

In this case, for convenience, add it to the search path:

   mkdir $HOME/bin
   cd $HOME/bin
   # example:
   ln -s $HOME/software/grass74_release/bin.i686-pc-linux-gnu/grass74 .

Now use it subsequently with

   grass74 -gui
Gentoo
 ./configure \
   --with-freetype=yes --with-freetype-includes="/usr/include/freetype2/"

See also http://packages.gentoo.org/package/sci-geosciences/grass

Funtoo
Fedora
GRASS GIS 6 on Fedora

Preparation for the compilation of GRASS GIS 6 source code (F16-F21):

 yum install proj-devel gdal-devel sqlite-devel ffmpeg-devel mesa-libGL-devel \
             mesa-libGLU-devel libXmu-devel libX11-devel tcl-devel tk-devel geos \
             fftw-devel libtiff-devel lesstif-devel python-devel numpy wxPython wxGTK-devel \
             gcc gcc-c++ bison flex ncurses-devel proj-epsg proj-nad xml2 subversion

Note 1: that currently gdal-devel has (too) many dependencies and may lead to a massive download of extra packages (200 on a fresh Fedora 16 install). Hopefully solved in later Fedora versions.

Note 2: the optional ffmpeg-devel comes from the rpmfusion-free repository (configuration).

Download the source code:

Configure: This is an example how to configure the source code on a Fedora system:

 ./configure \
  --with-cxx \
  --with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
  --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
  --with-sqlite \
  --with-nls \
  --with-geos \
  --with-wxwidgets=/usr/bin/wx-config \
  --with-python=/usr/bin/python-config \
  --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
  --enable-largefile \
  --without-odbc \
  --with-fftw

Extra: If you also want FFMPEG support - it requires 'yum install fftw-devel'. Then add to the configuration lines above:

    --with-ffmpeg --with-ffmpeg-includes="/usr/include/ffmpeg /usr/include/ffmpeg/libav* /usr/include/ffmpeg/libpostproc /usr/include/ffmpeg/libswscale" \


Finally compile the configured source code:

   make
  or on multicore (number depends of available cores):
   make -j4
  and
   make install # requires root permissions unless you become owner of /usr/local/

Then use GRASS GIS 6 and enjoy!


GRASS GIS 7 on Fedora

Preparation for the compilation of GRASS GIS 7 source code (F20-F30):

 dnf install gcc gcc-c++ bison flex ncurses-devel gettext proj-epsg proj-devel proj-nad \
             gdal gdal-devel sqlite-devel xml2 mesa-libGL-devel \
             fftw-devel mesa-libGLU-devel libXmu-devel libX11-devel geos geos-devel \
             libtiff-devel python-devel numpy wxPython wxGTK3-devel subversion \
             python-dateutil python-imaging python-matplotlib-wx doxygen python-sphinx \
             libzstd-devel libzstd python3-six python3-numpy python3-wxpython4 \
             proj-datumgrid proj-datumgrid-europe proj-datumgrid-north-america proj-datumgrid-world proj-datumgrid-oceania
 # optionally also:  netcdf-devel postgresql-devel 
 #                   atlas-devel lapack-devel lapack-devel 
 #                   laszip laszip-devel

Note 1: the optional ffmpeg-devel comes from the rpmfusion-free repository (configuration).


Download the source code:


Configure: This is an example how to configure the source code on a Fedora system:

 ./configure \
  --with-cxx \
  --with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
  --with-proj --with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
  --with-geos \
  --with-sqlite \
  --with-nls \
  --with-wxwidgets=/usr/bin/wx-config \
  --with-fftw \
  --with-cairo --with-cairo-ldflags=-lfontconfig \
  --with-freetype --with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
  --enable-largefile \
  --without-odbc

Extra 1: If you also want FFMPEG support - it requires 'dnf install fftw-devel' from the rpmfusion-free repository. Then add to the configuration lines above:

    --with-ffmpeg --with-ffmpeg-includes="/usr/include/ffmpeg /usr/include/ffmpeg/libav* /usr/include/ffmpeg/libpostproc /usr/include/ffmpeg/libswscale" \

Extra 2: For LAPACK/BLAS support (addons i.spec.unmix, v.kriging etc), install "dnf install lapack lapack-devel blas blas-devel atlas atlas-devel". Then add to the configuration lines above:

 --with-blas --with-blas-includes=/usr/include/atlas-x86_64-base/ \
 --with-lapack --with-lapack-includes=/usr/include/atlas-x86_64-base/ \

Extra 3: For ZSTD support (Zstandard compression algorithm), first install "dnf install libzstd libzstd-devel zstd". After installing the zstd related packages, add to the configuration lines above:

 --with-zstd \

Finally compile the configured source code:

   make
  or on multicore (number depends of available cores):
   make -j4
  and
   make install # requires root permissions unless you become owner of /usr/local/

Then use GRASS GIS 7 and enjoy!

openSUSE

To build GRASS on openSUSE:

Application:Geo repo to be added (see Install package Application:Geo

# example for Leap 42 version:
sudo zypper addrepo http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:Geo/openSUSE_Leap_42.3/Application:Geo.repo
sudo zypper refresh

RPM packages to be installed:

 sudo zypper install bison flex freetype2-devel fftw3-devel gcc-c++ \
   libgdal-devel libgeos-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libtiff-devel \
   man proj libproj-devel readline-devel netcdf-devel ncurses-devel \
   mysql-devel postgresql-devel sqlite-devel unixODBC-devel \
   tcl-devel tk-devel xorg-x11-Mesa-devel libXmu-devel \
   python-numpy python-dateutil python-devel python-opengl \
   python-wxWidgets python-xml python-dateutil wxWidgets-devel \
   zlib-devel doxygen python-sphinx

Source code configuration:

 ./configure \
 	--enable-largefile \
	--with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj \
	--with-cxx \
	--with-lapack=yes \
	--with-x \
	--with-motif \
	--with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
	--with-postgres --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/pgsql \
	--with-mysql --with-mysql-includes=/usr/include/mysql \
	--with-fftw \
	--with-readline \
	--with-netcdf \
	--with-curses \
	--with-geos \
	--with-nls \
	--with-sqlite \
	--with-freetype \
	--with-freetype-includes=/usr/include/freetype2 \
	--with-wxwidgets \
	--with-odbc \
	--with-python

Then compile with "make [-j2]".

Arch Linux

Up-to-date links to Arch Linux GRASS PKGBUILDs are on https://grass.osgeo.org/download/software/linux/.

But if you want to compile it yourself, you have to keep in mind that in Arch Linux the default Python version 3.

python --version
Python 3.3.1

Therefore, to build GRASS GIS (version 7 in this example), we can use either use virtualenv or symlink python2 and python2-config in a given directory. Let's use the latter approach

sudo ln -s /usr/bin/python2 $HOME/usr/bin/python
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/python2-config $HOME/usr/bin/python-config

We can now start building GRASS 7

export PATH=~/usr/bin:$PATH && \
./configure \
--enable-debug \
--enable-64bit \
--with-libs=/usr/lib64  \
--with-cxx \
--with-readline \
--with-zlib-includes="/usr/include/" \
--with-freetype=yes \
--with-freetype-includes="/usr/include/freetype2/" \
--enable-largefile=yes \
--with-gdal=/usr/bin/gdal-config \
--with-proj-share=/usr/share/proj/ \
--with-geos=/usr/bin/geos-config \
--with-cairo \
--with-odbc \
--with-pthread \
--with-liblas=/usr/local/bin/liblas-config  \
--with-fftw-includes="/usr/include/" \
--with-fftw-libs=/usr/lib/ \
--with-tcltk-includes="/usr/include/" \
--with-wxwidgets \
--with-postgres=yes \
--with-postgres-includes="/usr/include/postgresql/internal" \
--with-postgres-libs="/usr/include/postgresql/internal/libpq" \
--with-sqlite=yes \
--with-python=yes \
--with-liblas \
--with-netcdf 

Now let's compile and install it

make
sudo make install

Now the final step required to use GRASS with python2 is to create a bash script "grass" (or the name you want)

#!/bin/bash
export PATH=~/usr/bin:$PATH
python2 /usr/local/bin/grass72


And make it executable and copy it somewhere in the PATH

chmod+x grass
sudo cp grass /usr/local/bin


It's done, you can enjoy GRASS 7 in Arch, just type "grass" (or the name you gave to the script) in the terminal to launch it.

RPM SPEC files
Zaurus

... see here for instructions

Mac OSX

Conventional installation
Compiling on MacOSX using homebrew
Compiling on MacOSX using Fink

FreeBSD / NetBSD

The recommended compiler tools are GCC, GNU make, GNU coreutils (for install), and flex. All are available through the respective package managing tools (pkg_add for FreeBSD and pkgin install for NetBSD) and for recent *BSD versions most likely installed by default.

GRASS 6.x and GRASS 7 should compile on FreeBSD 8.0 or later and NetBSD 5.0 or later (maybe also on updated NetBSD 4.x).

It is highly recommended to install GDAL/OGR and PROJ4 first. These libraries and tools are available as ports for FreeBSD and packages for NetBSD.

Optional functionality is listed with ./configure --help, and related libraries and tools might need to be installed first.

You then may need to edit include/Make/Platform.make and set

ICONVLIB            = -liconv

Solaris

11 SPARC/i86pc

The recommended compiler tools are GCC, GNU make, GNU coreutils (for install), and flex. All are available through the Solaris package manager.

Most dependencies are available through the Solaris package manager. GDAL and proj4 can either be compiled from source or installed e.g. from OpenCSW. If packages are installed from OpenCSW, the linker flags need to be set with

     LDFLAGS="-Wl,-R/opt/csw/lib -L/opt/csw/lib -Wl,-R/opt/csw/gxx/lib -L/opt/csw/gxx/lib"

See also the OpenCSW documentation.

10 SPARC/i86pc
  • get gcc compiler and tools. There are several sources: Solaris Companion CD (SFW pkg, installs in /opt/sfw/), Blastwave ([1], CSW pkg, installs in /opt/csw/) or Sunfreeware ([2], SMC pkg, installs in /usr/local/).

Needed Packages from Sunfreeware: SMCbinut, SMCbison, SMCcoreu, SMCfindu, SMCflex, SMCgawk, SMCgcc, SMCgrep, SMCgzip, SMCless, SMClibt, SMClicon, SMCmake, SMCncurs, SMCproj, SMCsed, SMCtar, SMCtcl, SMCtiff, SMCtk, SMCunzip, SMCzlib.

  • compile and install fftw-library ([3]). You need to re-compile the library with:
     ./configure --with-pic --enable-shared; make ; make install. 

The pre-built packages don't work.

  • compile and install gdal library (see documentation of gdal, [4]).
  • compile and install any additional libraries (e. g. GEOS, [5]).
  • set compiler flags and path. e. g.:
     # on ultra-sparc machine:
     CFLAGS="-O3 -mcpu=v9"
     CXXFLAGS="-O3 -mcpu=v9"
     PATH="/usr/local/bin:/opt/sfw/bin:/usr/ccs/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin"
     export CFLAGS CXXFLAGS PATH

Path has to be changed for the packages (Sunfreeware: /usr/local/bin, Solaris Companion: /opt/sfw/bin, Blastwave: /opt/csw/bin).

  • Next configure, e. g.:
     ./configure --with-postgres-includes=/usr/include/pgsql/ \
     --with-postgres-libs=/usr/lib --with-postgres=yes \
     --with-includes=/usr/local/include/ncurses

If you use n(ew)curses, you have to include the path /usr/local/include/ncurses.

then:

     make
     su
     make install

If the shared libraries are not found at runtime of the modules, use 'crle' to add the paths of the libraries for the dynamic linker, e. g. as root:

     crle -l /lib:/usr/lib:/usr/local/lib:/opt/sfw/lib:/usr/X11/lib

Be careful not to omit a library path, the system may be unusable if you forget the /lib path.

AIX

A recent GNU make (>= 3.81) and GNU coreutils are required. These are available with the IBM AIX toolbox or through third-party AIX software repositories, e.g. bullfreeware and perzl.org. Note that 'make' does not work, only 'gmake' works.

General instructions to compile on AIX are e.g. here

On AIX, compilation results by default in 32 bit applications and static libraries. The IBM documentation explains how to build 64 bit applications and shared libraries with GCC.

GRASS 6: Using the IBM xlc compiler:

Mike wrote in 2009:

After attempting all the suggestions, I finally used --disable-shared on the configure command, and all but a handful of modules successfully compiled. I was able to individually address the ones that failed through Makefile edits and several small source code/header file edits.

The environment variables and configure command that worked were:

# xlc compiler:
export PATH=/usr/local/bin:/opt/freeware/bin:$PATH
export OBJECT_MODE=64
export LIBICONV=/opt/freeware
export CC="xlc_r -q64"
export CFLAGS="-O -qstrict"
export CXX="xlC_r -q64"
export CXXFLAGS="-O -qstrict"
export AR="ar -X64"
export F77="xlf_r -q64"
export CPPFLAGS="-I/afs/isis/pkg/libpng/include -I/usr/local/include -I$LIBICONV/include -I/usr/lpp/X11/include/X11"
export LDFLAGS="-L/usr/local/lib -L$LIBICONV/lib -L/usr/lib -L/usr/X11R6/lib -lc"

./configure --prefix=/afs/isis/pkg/grass-6.4.0 \
  --enable-64bit \
  --disable-shared \
  --with-includes="/usr/include/fontconfig /usr/include/X11 /usr/include/X11/Xft /usr/include/X11/ext" \
  --x-includes=/usr/include/X11 \
  --x-libraries=/usr/X11R6/lib \
  --with-fftw-includes=/afs/isis/pkg/fftw-3.2.2/include \
  --with-fftw-libs=/afs/isis/pkg/fftw-3.2.2/lib \
  --with-gdal=/afs/isis/pkg/gdal/bin/gdal-config \
  --with-proj-includes=/afs/isis/pkg/proj/include \
  --with-proj-libs=/afs/isis/pkg/proj/lib \
  --with-proj-share=/afs/isis/pkg/proj/share/proj \
  --with-tcltk-includes=/usr/local/include \
  --with-tcltk-libs=/usr/local/lib \
  --with-opengl-includes=/usr/include/GL

GRASS 7: Using the IBM xlc compiler:

Get and install (in this order):

The environment variables and configure command that worked:

## AIX 5.x

export LIBPATH=/opt/freeware/lib64:/opt/freeware/lib
# make 'ar' happy
export OBJECT_MODE=64

PREFIX=$HOME/private/bin
./configure \
  --prefix=$PREFIX \
  --disable-shared \
  --enable-largefile \
  --with-cxx \
  --with-proj-includes=$PREFIX/include/ \
  --with-proj-libs=$PREFIX/lib/ \
  --with-proj-share=$PREFIX/share/proj/ \
  --with-sqlite \
  --with-sqlite-includes=$PREFIX/include/ \
  --with-sqlite-libs=$PREFIX/lib/ \
  --with-tiff=no \
  --with-png=no \
  --with-fftw=no \
  --with-cairo=no \
  --with-freetype=no

GRASS 7: Using the GNU gcc compiler:

Get and install (in this order):

The environment variables and configure command that worked for AIX 5.x:

## AIX 5.x

export LIBPATH=/opt/freeware/lib64:/opt/freeware/lib
# make 'ar' happy
export OBJECT_MODE=64

PREFIX=$HOME/private/bin
CFLAGS='-ansi -D_ALL_SOURCE=1 -D_POSIX_SOURCE=1 -D_POSIX_C_SOURCE=200809L -Dinline=' ./configure \
  --prefix=$PREFIX \
  --disable-shared \
  --enable-largefile \
  --with-cxx \
  --with-proj-includes=$PREFIX/include/ \
  --with-proj-libs=$PREFIX/lib/ \
  --with-proj-share=$PREFIX/share/proj/ \
  --with-sqlite \
  --with-sqlite-includes=$PREFIX/include/ \
  --with-sqlite-libs=$PREFIX/lib/ \
  --with-tiff=no \
  --with-png=no \
  --with-fftw=no \
  --with-cairo=no \
  --with-freetype=no

The environment variables and configure command that worked for AIX 7.x:

## AIX 7.x
export CC="gcc"
export CXX="g++"
PREFIX=$HOME/bin

LDFLAGS="-Wl,-bsvr4,-R,/opt/freeware/lib -L/opt/freeware/lib" CPPFLAGS="-I/opt/freeware/include" ./configure \
  --prefix=$PREFIX \
  --enable-largefile \
  --enable-shared \
  --with-includes=/opt/freeware/include --with-libs=/opt/freeware/lib \
  --with-cxx \
  --with-proj-includes=$PREFIX/include/ \
  --with-proj-libs=$PREFIX/lib/ \
  --with-proj-share=$PREFIX/share/proj/ \
  --with-gdal=$PREFIX/bin/gdal-config \
  --with-sqlite \
  --with-sqlite-libs=$PREFIX/lib --with-sqlite-includes=$PREFIX/include \
  --with-png=no \
  --with-tiff=no \
  --with-fftw=no \
  --with-cairo=no \
  --with-opengl=no \
  --with-freetype=no

MS-Windows

MS-Windows/Cygwin
MS-Windows/native
Compile

See also WinGRASS Current Status for latest updates.

Common problems and solutions

During compilation, error can occur if certain packages are not installed. Here a list of problems with solution:

  • error: X11/Xlib.h: No such file or directory
    • this suggests that you don't have the X headers installed
    • Solution: Install the libx11-dev package
  • error: g.list: error while loading shared libraries: libgdal1.6.0.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
    • this error appears in the shell right after the user clicks GUI's "Start GRASS" button. The GUI shows an error about geographic extent and gets closed afterwards.
    • It happens when you launch bin.i686 executable on 64bit system. Be careful and choose the right architecture.


Static compilation

In order to get static rather than dynamically linked binaries, configure like this:

 ./configure --disable-shared --enable-static

This will however break the wxGUI and GRASS 7 completely because "ctypes" wants to link against shared libs, or there is something in the static libs that "ctypes" does not like.

Optimization

GCC and other compilers support optimization

If you would like to set compiler optimisations, for a possibly faster binary, type (don't enter a ";" anywhere):

       CFLAGS=-O ./configure

or,

       setenv CFLAGS -O
       ./configure

whichever works on your shell. Use -O2 instead of -O if your compiler supports this (note: O is the letter, not zero). Using the "gcc" compiler, you can also specify processor specific flags (examples, please suggest better settings to us):

 CFLAGS="-mcpu=athlon -O2" # AMD Athlon processor with code optimisations
 CFLAGS="-march=amdfam10"  # AMD Phenom II X4 64bit processor with gcc >=4.3
 CFLAGS="-mcpu=pentium"    # Intel Pentium processor
 CFLAGS="-mcpu=pentium4"   # Intel Pentium4 processor
 CFLAGS="-O2 -msse -msse2 -mfpmath=sse -minline-all-stringops" # Intel XEON 64bit processor
 CFLAGS="-mtune=nocona -m64 -minline-all-stringops"            # Intel Pentium 64bit processor


To find out optional CFLAGS for your platform, enter:

 gcc -dumpspecs

See also: http://gcc.gnu.org/

A real fast GRASS version (and small binaries) will be created with LDFLAGS set to "stripping" (but this disables debugging):

 CFLAGS="-O2 -mcpu=<cpu_see_above> -Wall" LDFLAGS="-s" ./configure

Configure options and their meanings

For configure there are many options and some GRASS modules are built only if some options are set. Here are listed common configuration options with short explanation.

  • --prefix=/path - Sets path where GRASS will be installed. GRASS will reside in /path/grass-version.
  • --enable-largefile - Enables large (>2Gb on 32bit systems) support. For current large file support status look at Large File Support page.
  • --with-cxx - Enables compilation of C++ code. Required for r.terraflow module.
  • --with-readline - Enables readline support. If readline is enabled, you can use its history/editing facilities when entering r.mapcalc expressions on stdin.
  • --with-glw - Enables GLw support. The GLw library provides OpenGL "canvas" widgets for Athena and Motif.
That switch is unnecessary for normal compilation. It's only
required for r3.showdspf, which isn't normally built; if you 
want it, you have build it manually 
(e.g. "make -C raster3d/r3.showdspf").
As similar functionality is now provided by NVIZ, r3.showdspf
is deprecated.
r3.showdspf uses the Motif widget (so you also need a 
Motif library, e.g. Lesstif or OpenMotif).
Glynn Clements at GRASS-user mailing list

Parallelized compilation on multi-core CPUs

You can dramatically accelerate the compilation of the GRASS code with the -j flag of "make" if you have a multi-core CPU system. This determines the maximum number of jobs to have running at once, so cores don't have to sit idle waiting for jobs on other cores to complete. A good rule of thumb for this value is number_of_cores * 1.5, but note that setting any higher than the actual number of cores will only affect the timing slightly. For example, on a dual-core processor:

 make -j 4


GRASS-GDAL plugin

Addons

Please note that the installation of Addons can be easily done with the g.extension manager. The compile instructions below are aiming at own development.

Compiled modules

This is the general way which works for C modules as well as scripts (Python or Shell/Bash modules) which has HTML documentation.

Requirements:

Either:

  • a binary GRASS package, or
  • source code which has been prepared with:
   ./configure [opionally flags]
   make libs

Each of the addon modules should come with a Makefile. To compile it, just run:

   make MODULE_TOPDIR=/path/to/grass64/

Note that the /path/to/grass64 has to be absolute, not relative.

If using Bash it may be useful to set that up as an alias:

   alias gmake64='make MODULE_TOPDIR=/path/to/grass64/'

Installation (perhaps requires "sudo"):

   make MODULE_TOPDIR=/path/to/grass64/ install

Note: Compiled addons may require a re-compilation if you changed/updated your GRASS standard binaries.

If binary comes with a -dev package

(work in progress, this text states how it eventually will be :) Nowadays one does not need to the source code, nor compiling GRASS by oneself to be able to add add-ons. On Debian, you can just install the grass-dev package and then run:

make MODULE_TOPDIR=/usr/lib/grass64/ INST_DIR=/usr/lib/grass64/

The grass-dev package essentially provides GRASS's include header files and Make configuration files.

Scripts

If the addon module is a script, it is sufficient to copy it into the (GRASS binaries) path somewhere. Alternatively, install addons into a separate GRASS addons binaries/scripts directory which is easier to maintain. It avoids getting clobbered every time you reinstall GRASS. To use these separately stored scripts, set and export the GRASS_ADDON_PATH environment variable before starting GRASS and it will automatically be added to the module search path (see the variables help page). To simplify this, do for example:

# add in $HOME/.bashrc:
GRASS_ADDON_PATH=/usr/local/grass/addons/
export GRASS_ADDON_PATH

Make sure that the script is executable, then just call it in GRASS typing the filename. Python scripts need to be called writing the extension as well, like:

GRASS 6.5.svn (spearfish60):~ > v.krige.py