GRASS 6 Tutorial/Displaying spatial data

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Displaying spatial data with GRASS

This section of the tutorial explains how to display raster and vector data using GRASS GIS. We focus on two approaches: one approach uses the CLI and the d.mon display monitors, while the other shows you how to use the GRASS wxGUI. This reader is redirected to the Quick wxGUI tutorial for more information on this topic.

Displaying from the wxGUI

Displaying raster data from the CLI

In some situations, you might find the CLI a quick alternative to display your vector data. You need to start a display monitor as follows:

d.mon start=x0

Depending on your region settings, you may want to set the region to the full extent of your raster map:

g.region rast=elevation

Then you simply launch the d.rast command to display the map.

d.rast elevation
D rast elevation.png

To have more control over the display settings for the raster, check the additional options by d.rast --help. You can navigate within the display monitor using a combination of d.pan and d.zoom in conjunction with the mouse buttons.

If you want to retrieve the pixel values at a certain x,y location, you should use the d.what.rast command, which will change the pointer in the display window to a cross-hair. With the mouse, you click on the location(s) of interest and the raster values are printed in the terminal window. The module d.where, which prints the geographic (x,y) location of the cursor, works in a similar way.

D what rast.png

Displaying vector data from the CLI

We can display vector data very easily in the display monitors using the module d.vect. To quickly display a vector we:

 d.mon start=x0 (if you don't have a monitor open)
 g.region vect=geology
 d.vect geology type=area
D vect.png

We can return the attributes assigned to features, using d.what.vect and clicking on the relevant features in the display window:

D what vect.png

Plotting an elevation profile

Plotting an elevation profile between two points is done by running d.profile. Click the middle mouse button to define the start of the line profile and click it again to identify the end of the line.

D profile.png