HOWTO import SRTM elevation data

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Background: Space Shuttle Radar Topography Mission

Import of original SRTM tiles in HGT format

  • see module r.in.srtm, import into a Latitude-Longitude location.

Import of CGIAR SRTM void-filled tiles

  • SRTM 90 data in GeoTIFF format are available from http://srtm.csi.cgiar.org/. These come in 5 degree by 5 degree tiles. Horizontal resolution: 3 arc second (90 m at equator). Coverage: world. Import with r.in.gdal

Import of multiple SRTM tiles in one step

To simplify the import of multiple SRTM tiles, the tiles can be mosaicked first with gdalwarp:

Original SRTM tiles:

# unzip all
for i in *.hgt.zip ; do unzip  $i ; done
# create mosaik (optionally reproject on the fly with -t_srs)
gdalwarp *.hgt srtm_mosaik.tif
# import
r.in.gdal input=srtm_mosaik output=srtm_mosaik

CGIAR SRTM tiles:

# create mosaik (optionally reproject on the fly with -t_srs)
gdalwarp *.tif srtm_mosaik.tif
# import
r.in.gdal input=srtm_mosaik output=srtm_mosaik

Void filling of original SRTM tiles

The module r.fillnulls can be used. See screenshot

See:

  • M. Neteler, 2005. SRTM and VMAP0 data in OGR and GRASS. GRASS Newsletter, Vol.3, pp 2-6, June 2005. [ PDF | Erratum 1/2006 (txt) ]

See also