Difference between revisions of "IKONOS"

From GRASS-Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Pre-Processing Overview: adding more stuff, \rho does not work -- check math/README)
m (References / Sources: link to some short presentation about DN to R)
Line 54: Line 54:
 
* http://www.apollomapping.com/wp-content/user_uploads/2011/09/IKONOS_Esun_Calculations.pdf
 
* http://www.apollomapping.com/wp-content/user_uploads/2011/09/IKONOS_Esun_Calculations.pdf
 
* http://web.unicen.edu.ar/crecic/docs/radrefl.pdf
 
* http://web.unicen.edu.ar/crecic/docs/radrefl.pdf
 +
* [http://igett.delmar.edu/Resources/Remote%20Sensing%20Technology%20Training/Calculation-DN_to_Reflectance_Irish_20June08.pdf Calibrated Landsat Digital Number (DN) to
 +
Top of Atmosphere (TOA) Reflectance Conversion, by Richard Irish]
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Revision as of 03:42, 26 July 2013

[This page is under construction]

IKONOS is a commercial earth observation satellite. Details about the sensor in The IKONOS satellite collects high-quality satellite imagery for map creation, change detection, imagery analysis and more.

Availability (Sample Data)


Pre-Processing Overview

Tyipically, multispectral data are converted into Reflectance before they are subjected in multispectral analysis techniques (image interpretation, band arithmetic, vegetation indices, matrix transformations, etc.). As with remotely sensed data acquired by other sensors, IKONOS raw image digital numbers (DNs) can be converted to physical quantities such as at-sensor Radiance or Reflectance. The latter can be differentiated in Top of Atmosphere Reflectance (ToAR) which does not account for atmospheric effects (absorption or scattering) and in Top of Canopy Reflectance (ToCR) which introduces a "correction" for atmospheric effects.

Converting to Top of Atmosphere Reflectance, also referred to as Planetary Reflectance, can be done by using the following equation:

Failed to parse (lexing error): \rho_p = \pi * L\lambda * d^2 / ESUN\lambda * cos(θ_S)

where:

  • \rho - Unitless Planetary Reflectance
  • \pi - mathematical constant (3.14159265358)
  • L\lambda spectral Radiance at the sensor's aperture, from equation... ToADD
  • d - Earth-Sun distance in astronomical units, interpolated values
  • Esun - Mean solar exoatmospheric irradiance(s) (W/m2/μm), interpolated values
  • Failed to parse (lexing error): cos(θ_s) - Solar zenith angle, from the image acquisition's metadata

Modules overview

ToAdd

Pre-Processing

ToAdd

Importing data

ToAdd

Color composites

ToAdd

Pan Sharpening

ToAdd

Calculate Planetary Reflectance

ToAdd

References / Sources

Top of Atmosphere (TOA) Reflectance Conversion, by Richard Irish]

See also

ToAdd

Atmospheric correction

See Atmospheric correction


IKONOS Image classification

See Image classification