GRASS Debugging

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Revision as of 02:47, 2 August 2006 by Stephan (talk | contribs) (other gdb-syntax added)

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The following hints assume to work on a working-copy of the GRASS CVS dierctory.

Additionally it is good to have set the debbugging symbols during compile-time. Do not strip the libraries or use optimization in the compile. see INSTALL and doc/debugging.txt in the source code for more information.


Setting Environment-variables (numbers: 1-5)

  • g.gisenv set="DEBUG=1"
  • A higher debug level means you see more messages.
  • These messages are always present regardless of compiler settings.

Using GDB

  • running a programm inside GDB works (installation of GDB required :-), (on debian: apt-get install gdb)
 gdb `which v.in.ogr`
 run "out=bla dsn="PG:dbname=postgis user=me" olayer=postgislayer"
  • when it crashes, just type bt full for a backtrace
  • type "l" to list where in the source code it got to
  • type frame 2 to switch to the second level function (see the backtrace), there you can again type "l" to see where it got up to.

or you can optionally add arguments to gdb direclty on the commandline:

 gdb --args v.in.ogr out=bla dsn="PG:dbname=postgis user=me" olayer=postgislayer

Using strace

  • running the command through strace could give you another hint what is going wrong somewhere.
  • for example: strace v.in.ogr out=bla dsn="PG:dbname=postgis user=me" olayer=postgislayer

Skimming ChangLog for changes

  • use the tool cvs2cl.pl for generating a local changelog-file

Using DDD (gdb graphical frontend)

  • running a programm inside ddd works (installation of ddd and gdb required :-), (on debian: apt-get install gdb ddd)
  • ddd `which v.in.ogr`

http://mpa.itc.it/markus/grass61/debugging/crash_1_small.jpg

  • Run (from main menu PROGRAM): "out=bla dsn="PG:dbname=postgis user=me" olayer=postgislayer"

http://mpa.itc.it/markus/grass61/debugging/ddd_1_small.jpg

  • run with parameters
  • when it crashes, use the UP menu item to trace back

http://mpa.itc.it/markus/grass61/debugging/ddd_2_going_up_small.jpg

  • reach the line where it crashed
  • set a breakpoint, then run again to stop before the crash

http://mpa.itc.it/markus/grass61/debugging/ddd_3_breakpoint_small.jpg

  • right mouse button on variables permits to display them etc.

http://mpa.itc.it/markus/grass61/debugging/ddd_4_displ_vars_small.jpg

  • figure out why it crashed there. This requires PATIENCE. But you will nearly save the world if you identify the problem :-)


Using kdbg (gdb graphical frontend)

  • kdbg is not unlike DDD, but it's a KDE application.
  • Use is similar to ddd.
  • Start with (within GRASS):

kdbg `which g.module`

  • Fill in command line arguments with menu item Execution->Arguments.
  • Open the View->Locals window.
  • Click the Run icon (or Execution->Run) and see where it breaks.
  • Set pause-points by clicking a red stop-sign to the left of the "+" on a line of the source code. From there you can step through instructions.
  • Explore the values of variables in the locals window.