Difference between revisions of "Installation Guide"

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(GNU/Linux: RPi)
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== GNU/Linux ==
== GNU/Linux ==
* Installing on the [[Raspberry Pi]] for field deployment
=== Debian ===
=== Debian ===

Revision as of 03:53, 26 June 2013


For compilation of GRASS GIS source code, see Compile and Install

This page explains the installation of GRASS binaries.

GRASS GIS requires a workstation running either some flavor of UNIX conforming to POSIX standards like Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, IRIX, or BSD or MS-Windows. It is also possible to run GRASS in MS Windows by using UNIX translation software such as Cygwin or natively with MingGW. Ideally, you should have at least 500 Mb for data and 512 Mb RAM. The source code package needs around 270 MB uncompressed. The resulting binaries may need between 20 MB and 180 MB depending on your platform. During a full compilation you may need temporarily up to 150MB including the source code.

The Software Download Section of the main GRASS web site contains the latest binaries and source code for all supported platforms. That site also has general directions for installing GRASS manually. However, installation is slightly different on each operating system. Here you can find user-contributed pointers for installing GRASS on specific platforms. In particular, many operating systems have package management utilities that can greatly simplify GRASS installation.


  • winGRASS/Cygwin packages are provided here (requires Cygwin UNIX emulator, see there).
  • QGIS including native winGRASS packages are provided here (no Cygwin needed).
  • Install using OSGeo4W installer (GRASS needs to be selected from the "Advanced" section)



A binary version of GRASS is available from the apt repository. As root type:

 apt-get install grass grass-doc

This is the easiest way to install GRASS on Debian. If you choose to install a binary version manually from the main web site, be sure to follow the instructions for making symlinks found as a note to the [6.4 weekly snapshot] release.


There is also the wonderful DebianGIS project which has a more recent GRASS version with its related packages. Read here for more details

Compiling GRASS from source

Installation on Fedora

Fedoraproject provides RPM-packages for stable releases prepared to install on Fedora systems:

 yum install grass


  • Mandriva provides PROJ/GDAL/GRASS RPMs. Newer versions they are in the "backports" section:
 urpmi grass


  • openSUSE provides GRASS and related RPM-packages.

GRASS 6: To install GRASS 6 release on openSUSE:

From terminal:

sudo zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_12.3/ GEO
sudo zypper refresh
sudo zypper install grass

Alternatively, one can use the One-Click installer: http://software.opensuse.org/package/grass

GRASS 7: To install the latest GRASS 7 SVN snapshot:

sudo zypper refresh
sudo zypper install grass7

Alternatively, one can use the One-Click installer: http://software.opensuse.org/package/grass7

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL, CentOS and Scientific Linux)

 yum install grass


GRASS Binaries are available from apt/synaptic. From a terminal type:

 sudo apt-get install grass grass-doc

or alternatively, search for and install these packages from Synaptic. This is the easy way to get GRASS on your system. Even if you choose to install binaries from another source, you may want to install this version just so that all (most) dependencies are installed as painlessly as possible.

To get the latest version of GRASS on Ubuntu, compile the code from source. See the Compile and Install section for a shell script that makes this easy.


Slackware 12 packages for GRASS binary distributions and additional libraries are available from The Italian Slackware Community (release version) and here (SVN version).

Mac OS X

Precompiled GRASS 6 and GRASS 7 packages for Mac OS X can be found here