Vector topology cleaning

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Q: How can I patch to fitting area maps with have been digitized separately and correct the topology? I observe that the shared polygon boundaries do not perfectly match... I need clean topology.

Polygon vector map with topology problems

A: You can use v.clean for this.

Tools to consider:

  • snap,bpol,rmdupl,break,rmdupl,rms
  • the threshold (in map units) should be very small

Example (Lat-Long):

 v.in.ogr natural_earth/ne_110m_admin_0_countries.shp out=country_boundaries snap=0.0001 TODO: FIX THIS
 

Q: How about self-intersecting lines and boundaries?

A: In the GRASS topological model self-intersecting lines are allowed, self-intersecting boundaries are not. Self-intersecting lines are ok e.g. for v.net modules, e.g. to represent a bridge of a secondary road over a highway.

Note: There are some modules that do not like self-intersecting lines, e.g with v.buffer problems are expected.


Polygon import from SHAPE file:

Overlayed polygons after import from SHAPE file (Simple Features

v.clean applied:

Overlayed polygons topologically cleaned. Note the double categories.

See also